Functions of Ministry of Home Affairs
The Ministry of Home Affairs discharges multifarious functions, important among them being the maintenance of Internal Security. Though in terms of Entries No. 1 and 2 of List II -'State List'- in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, 'public order' and 'police' are the responsibilities of States, Article 355 of the Constitution enjoins the Union to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance and to ensure that the Government of every State is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
Ministerial Team at Ministry of Home Affairs
The ministerial team at the Ministry of Home Affairs is headed by the Minister of Home Affairs, who is supported by one or more ministers of state. They are supported by civil servants assigned to them. Currently, the Home Ministry is headed by Amit Shah, Union Minister of Home Affairs.
Organisation of Ministry of Home Affairs
Under the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961, the Ministry of Home Affairs has the following constituent Departments:
Divisions of the Ministry of Home Affairs
Divisions of the Ministry of Home Affairs, indicating major areas of their responsibility, are as follows: Administration Division, Border Management Division, Coordination Division, Center State Division, Disaster Management Division, Finance Division, Foreigners Division, Freedom Fighters and Rehabilitation Division, Human Rights Division, Internal Security Division-I, Internal Security Division-II, Jammu and Kashmir Division, Judicial Division, North East Division, Police Division-I, Police Division-II, Police Modernisation Division, Policy Planning Division and the Union Territories Division.