(Last Updated on : 22/05/2010)
It has been incorporated in the Jain Philosophy
that there are five conditions of the souls. All the five conditions of the soul have been well-classified by the Jain Philosophers. The five conditions of the soul are as follows:
1. Parinamika Bhava, the condition in natural disposition. This includes the qualities of the soul in which nothing is changed by Karma
, i.e. the Spiritual nature, capacity for salvation non-salvation, etc.
2. Audayika Bhava, the condition based upon the unhindered production of Karma. It includes all the accidental attributes of the soul which appear in it by the production of Karmas, like ignorance, heterodoxy, emotions, colours of the soul, affiliation to one of the stages existence, etc.
3. Aupasamika Bhava, the condition based upon the suppression of Karma. By this one can understand the faith and the conduct of life seen in the soul when Mohaniya Karmas appear, i.e. particularly when the emotions have been suppressed to the extent that they do not appear, although they exist.
Ksayika Bhava, the condition based upon the annihilation of Karma. It comprises the true faith, perfect conduct, and capacity to know and to see everything, as also the complete energy, in short, everything, that is developed in the soul when the Karma has disappeared without any trace.
Ksayopasamika or Misra Bhava is the condition of the soul in which the Karma has partially disappeared and is partially suppressed. This condition, however, is not, as one would like to suppose from the name, a combination of 3 and 4, but indicates a deeper stage than these two, insofar as there is only a lower degree of faith and the perfect conduct here and the karmas which restrict the knowledge, seeing and energy are only partially ineffective.
The five conditions which can be schematically and somewhat arbitrarily divided into 53 sub-types can be developed in the soul simultaneously in smaller or greater number. The proposition of the doctrine of five divisions which conditions aims at giving a principle of division which enables one to determine exactly which conditions of a soul follow from its nature, which are added by the production of Karma and which can arise by making it ineffective.