The Vangas as a tribe are not mentioned in earlier Vedic literature but they have been mentioned in Aitareya as Vanga-Vagadhah. Vanga was a close neighbour of the Magadhas. Vangas have been described as a pre-Aryan tribe. Even in the time of Patanjali the Vangas and their country were excluded from Aryavarta because they were considered impure by people who were Aryans.
It has been recorded in history that Vanga country was distinguished from that of the Gaudas. The Vangas are mentioned in Kalidasa's Raghuvansa, where Raghu is said to have conquered the Vangas after he had finished his task with the Suhmas. In the age of Kalidasa Vangas were distinguished from the Sushmas. Historical record also states that Kirtivarman of the Chalukya dynasty gained victories over the kings of Vanga, Anga and Magadha, which were three neighbouring countries. When Yasovardhan had occupied Vanga it is said that Vanga was in utter chaos.
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