(Last Updated on : 26-04-2013)
The district of Bhilwara is situated in the state of Rajasthan
. It lies between 25 degrees to 27 degrees 50 minutes North Latitude and 74 degrees 03 minutes to 75 degrees 25 minutes East longitude. It is 100 meters above the sea level and situated about 260 km. away from Jaipur
. The northern border of the district touches Ajmer district
, the north-west border touches district Rajsamand, south and south-east borders touch Chittorgarh district
and the east and north eastern borders touch Tonk and Bundi district
The climate of the district of Bhilwara is characterised by a hot, dry summer and bracing cold winter. The cold season is from December to February and is followed by hot summers from March to the last week of June. The south-west monsoon season which follows, lasts till about mid September. The period from mid September to about the end of November constitutes the post monsoon season. Among the rivers flowing in the district, Banas is the main seasonal river. Its tributaries are the Bedach, Kothari and Khari. Other rivers are Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagri.
The Banas River
rises in the Aravalli mountain ranges
in the north, in the Udaipur
district. It enters Bhilwara near village Doodiya, tehsil Bhilwara. It approaches the hills of Mandalgarh
and is joined by the Berach River
on the right bank and Kothari on the left at Nandrai in Kotri tehsil. It then flows towards the north and then north-east direction along the western side of the Jahazpur tehsil and enters Tonk district. Banas is not a perennial river. In summer it usually contains only pools of water. The chief feeders of the river are Mansi, Khari and Menali. The Berach River rises in the hills to the North of Udaipur and enters the district near the village Barundani and joins the river Banas near Bigod at Triveni Sangam
in Mandalgarh tehsil. It passes through a little portion of Bhilwara district. The Kothari River rises from the Aravalli hills near Devgarh in the Rajsamand district. It flows in tehsil Raipur, Mandal, Bhilwara and Kotri and ultimately joins the river Banas at Nandrai in Kotri tehsil. The Khari originates in the Rajsamand district and runs from the south to the north-east in the western half of the district and then runs parallel to the district boundaries in the north. After leaving the district in the north it finally merges with the Banas. It is joined by the Mansi River in the tehsil Shahpura.
Bhilwara is often called the 'Zoo of Minerals' due to the abundance of minerals found here. The main categories of minerals found in Bhilwara are mica
, soapstone, copper, feldspar and quartz, white clay, garnet
, asbestos, glass sand and sand stone. Bhilwara district is greatly dependant on agriculture. Maize
, barley, til, urad, moong, jeera, gram, groundnut, rai, mustard and cotton
are major crops of Bhilwara District. Kharif sowing is done at the beginning of the monsoon which normally reaches Bhilwara in the last week of June. Kharif crops constitute the bulk of the food production in the district as the agricultural activities are mostly dependent on the monsoons. Kharif crops include urad, maize, moong, groundnut etc. Rabi crops are usually sown in November.