(Last Updated on : 05/01/2010)
In the context of the literature of Gorakhnathis nothing much can be said as there is little teaching of books and a limited practice of Yoga amongst the Kanphata yogis. Some inquiries at the principal centres of the Gorakhnath Yogis elicit very little knowledge of their texts, even of the names of their treatises on the Hatha Yoga
. Many of the Yogis and some of their mahants are illiterate. There is, however, some oral teaching. Besides the cyclic songs there are a number of works that Gorakhnathis use, and others which are attributed to them, or which deal with the Hatha Yoga.
The names of the books and their four groups are as follows -
Sapta Deva Stotra
Gorakhbodh (it is written in an old form of Hindi)
Brahmanda sar Gita
Hatha Yoga (Attributed to Goraksanatha)
Yoga Cintamani (on Hatha Yoga by Sivananda Saraswati)
Goraksa Samhita (it deals with details of performing Yoga Meditations)
Hatha Sanketa Candrika
The books of this group are of varying dates, some in Hindi, others In Sanskrit, and are not of primary significance.
Siva Rahasya Tantra
Rudra Yamala Tantra
The books of this group are general Puranic, Tantric and sectarian works.
Hathayogapradipika - This is a Tantric-Hatha-Yoga treatise written by Cintamani, who as a hermit took the name of Swatmarama and attained the title, yogindra. This book contains 382 verses arranged in four chapters. The verses in the Goraksasataka are found, scattered in the Hathayogapradipika.
Gheranda Samhita - The Gheranda Samhita is a work very similar to the preceding, from which it borrows; but it gives much attention to dhauti and more details of personal hygiene.
Shiva Samhita - The Shiva Samhita is a Tantric treatise on Yoga also, but much more difficult than the two preceding works and much longer, containing 517 verses. It is Vedantic in its philosophical outlook.
These three treatises of this group are of considerable value for the study of the literature of Gorakhnathis.
Goraksa Sataka Tika
Goraksa Sataka Tippana
Yoga Siddhanta Paddhati (It is written on the practice of Yoga by Gorakhnath)
Siddhanta Paddhati (rules of Yoga by Gorakhnath)
The teaching contained in the Goraksasataka is a mingling of Yoga and Tantra doctrines. These books concerning the literature of Gorakhnathis are attributed to Gorakhnath and the traditions and literary references associated with him.