(Last Updated on : 28-08-2013)
Jute in India addressed as the "Golden Fibre" is one of the most common raw materials for packaging and for making exquisite craft items. While jute craft is taken into consideration, One ruefully reminiscences the illustrious observation of the Mughal emperor about coconut; the same fruit instils a cup of sherbet and luscious fruit! Indeed jute conquers the major arenas of human world of utilitarian artistry. Eco friendly and cheapest known natural fibre- jute has offered global market a chance to bequeath plastic generation a formal good bye. Jute as a raw material has been explored in the industrial paraphernalia opening the surreptitious doors to a new horizon, an ever present tense never a past one! The usage of Jute as a raw material unfurled its existence in the ancient Indian scriptures namely 'Manu Samhita' and 'Mahabharata
'. Evidence of the trade of jute cloth in the 16th century still whispers from the pages of history. "Ain-i-akbari" (1590) mentions sackcloth originating from Bengal.
The developing heaven of jute craft marks its accomplishment on the sweet note of it being granted a permanent entry to the middle class domesticity. From chappals, briefcase, lamp shade, flower vase to jewellery, jacket jute craft is indeed Pandora's Box, once one is instigated by the aristocratic grandeur less is the chance to abstain from! Even carpet calendar, belt, handmade paper, bags, wall flap, table mat, cushions cover, durries, greeting card are catered to Indian shoppa holics!
In India jute craft is impregnated with a rich past. Before transmuted as a commodity used for commercial exploration jute had its utilitarian usage amidst the globe to make household and farm implements such as ropes, hand made clothes, wall hangings, etc. The jute craft has developed in India centring the Eastern India. Bengal revelled in sacks and saris made of jute were usually used in the Middle Age producing maximum jute .globally. Export of jute sacks as an essential commodity started in the 18th century.
Early nineteenth century marked an epoch in history with Bengal topping the chart and earning the title of the home of jute handicrafts from India. Craftsmen here create a myriad of utilitarian items made from jute. Madhya Pradesh
is also known for Jute craft from Bhopal
and Gwalior, which include hanging lamps, baskets, flower vases, purses, table mats and footwear etc. An elegant range of home decor and furnishings like cushion covers, table covers; tea cozies etc are available as attractive jute crafts. Exquisite and colourful jute floorings, Garments made out of woven jute fibre are hugely in demand for its texture, design strikingly positioning themselves as popular crafty ingredients. Jute fabrics are decorated with tie and dye, embroidery and block printing. Jute has strategically placed itself as a status symbol with its characteristic feature of high availability in a developing country like India.
Indian states have taken initiative to promote the creativity and sales of jute crafts. The Pondicherry Pudhumai Handicraft Artisans Cooperative Society arranges for a sale of Pondicherry Jute Craft, twice a year at the Gandhi Thidal on Goubert Avenue in Pondicherry. The sale brings forth a range of artefacts via utility items bringing artisans under a unified umbrella for the overall development of the craftsmen. The artisans are provided with training in design and skill development to keep pace with the demands of time and cultural globalization.
Since the antiquity jute has remained the favourite material for its utilitarian and eco friendly quality. The present scenario of jute industry offers a huge inspiration to the jute craft in India and encourages its expansion and demand in abroad. With the progression of time, this established form of Jute craft is flourishing in the national and international market.