(Last Updated on : 22/11/2019)
Champhai is a commercial town at the Indo-Myanmar border, located in Mizoram state
. It covers an area of 3,198 sq km and has a population of 101,400. It is said that the history of Mizo starts from Champhai and ends in Champhai. It is a fast developing city on the Indo-Myanmar border. The famous Rohdil Lake is only 22 km away from the town of Champhai. Champhai offers a wonderful view of the Myanmar hills. A storehouse of ancient relics, monuments and memorials connected with legends and folklores, Champhai has a background of rich heritage. The hamlets around the town are surrounded by monuments and monoliths that depict success in war, valorous hunting
, personal distinctions and achievements.
History of Champai
Champhai was the headquarters of the Mizo chief. The British
expedition of 1871-72 was initiated against him. During 1898, rice cultivation started in Champai with the encouragement of the British Colonial Authorities to supply rice for soldiers and labourers. On 1st March 1966, the MNF declared unilateral Mizo Independence and attacked Assam
Rifles post at Champhai.
Economy of Champhai
of Champhai is predominantly depended upon agriculture
and border trade. It is also the trading center of Mizoram for goods like clothes, silverware and electronics imported from Myanmar. It has 11 km long and 48 km wide land for rice
cultivation which can produce 19,200 quintals of rice per year. Grape is the second most cultivated product of this region. 10,000 quintals of grape were cultivated in 2011 alone.
Tourism in Champhai
There are several tourist spots in Champhai, some of which are enlisted below:
Tiau Lui River:
The legendary river Tiau is the boundary between India and Myanmar. It has been the main place for border crossing from both sides. It has now developed into a commercial centre, where all kinds of imported goods are available.
Rih Dil Lake:
Rih Dil Lake is believed to be the passage of the souls to their eternal abode. The lake is 1 km long and 70 mt wide. The wonder of this lake is that though it has no external inflow or outflow of water, it is constantly clear and has invoked many interesting folk-tales. Permission to visit this lake is easily obtainable from the Deputy Commissioner's Office at Champhai.
This unique and massive structure is a Memorial Stone with engravings of a series of human
figures, believed to be guardians of the dead. Beside this structure are smaller stone creations with pictures of animals engraved.
Fiara Tui is situated 65 km away from Champhai. The story goes that due to shortage of drinking water, long distances had to be travelled for collection of water. Fiara, the only son of a poor widow, happened to turn a flat stone and to his great delight and astonishment found a crystal clear source of water. This was kept a secret by the widow and her son. In time it was found by the villagers that this water was better and sweeter than other water sources.