(Last Updated on : 21/05/2010)
Aizawl, the scenic capital of Mizoram, is a religious and cultural center of the Mizos. Aizwal is the largest city in the state of Mizoram. It is one of the remotest capitals, perches precariously on the steep slopes of a sharp ridge, straddling the watershed between the Tlawng and the the Tuirial river valleys. The city is located at an altitude of 3500 feet above sea level. It is a city of rich tribal cultural extravaganza. The place is famous for its handicrafts. The river Tlawng flows quietly on the east and on the north side is the hills of Durtlang. Not many people are aware that the Tropic of cancer passes through Aizawl. This gives this first city of Mizoram an exotic twist.
The meaning of Aizwal is "the home of the highlanders". There are white churches dotting the landscape of Aizwal, which adds to the geographical beauty of the place. The city is fervently Christian. The city gives you the feeling that you are in a South American city.
The town is blessed with exotic natural beauty and is famous for its handicrafts. It has been upgrading itself to suit the need of the regularly rising rate of the foreign and as well as local visitors. Aizwal, the largest city is still very remote but the influence of the modern world can be seen very clearly here.
History of Aizwal
Aizawl as a town does not have a distinct past specifically. The whole state of Mizoram was a part of Assam until 1972 when it was made a Union Territory. Until 1987,there were insurgency problems in the region. When Mizoram was declared as a state, all problems of terrorism and demands for freedom subsided.
Geography of Aizwal
Aizwal, the state capital of Mizoram is situated at an altitude of 1132 metres/ 3715 Ft. It enjoys a comfortable climate throughout the year by virtue of its altitude. The maximum temperature during the summer season is 30 degree C and the minimum temperature is 20 degree C. The maximum temperature during the winter season is 21degree C and the minimum temperature during winter is 11degree C.
Demography of Aizwal
The total population of the State is 260, 000.
Culture of Aizwal
The Mizos are Christians by faith and most of them speak English. In fact, Mizoram has a literacy rate of 87%, which is the second highest in the country.