(Last Updated on : 09/08/2014)
The first film production company in West Bengal, the Royal Bioscope Company was set up in 1898 by Hiralal Sen, along with film personalities like Matilal Sen, Deboki Lal Sen, and Bholanath Gupta. The initial productions of this house used an Urban Bioscope bought from Warwick Trading Company in London. The company produced shows that were generally showcased at the Classic Theatre in Calcutta, where the films featured in the intervals in the stage shows. When Hiralal Sen began producing his own films regularly they were mainly scenes from stage productions at the Classic, between 1901 and 1904. The longest film produced in Royal Bioscope Company was Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (1903), once again based on an original Classic Theatre staging.
Hiralal Sen also made many local views and news films, made advertising films with commissions, and put on private shows for members of high society. He was also to produce a number of short newsreels, including Swadeshi movement (1905), anti-partition demonstration (1905), and With Our King and Queen Through India (1912). Royal Bioscope Company produced some of the first advertisement movies. As newer film ventures entered the marketplace of production, the market of Royal Bioscope eventually declined, and production ceased in 1913.
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