(Last Updated on : 23/09/2009)
As per Hindu mythology, Niyama is mentioned as the Son of Dharma. Niyama's mother was one of the daughters of the sage Daksha.
Niyama is again said to be a form of yoga. Niyama is mentioned in the many scriptures like the Shandilya and Varuha Upanishads, Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Gorakshanatha, the Tirumantiram of Tirumular and the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. There are ten Niyamas of the Hindus, they are:
Hri which means remorse, being modest and showing shame for misdeeds;
Another Niyama is the Santosha which means contentment; being satisfied with the resources at hand - therefore not desiring more
Then is the Dana which signifies giving, without the thought of reward
Astikya is a Niyama which implies faith, believing firmly in the teacher, the teachings and the path to enlightenment
Ishvarapujana means worship of the Lord, the cultivation of devotion through daily worship and meditation, the return to the source
Another form of Niyama is the Siddhanta shravana which means scriptural listening, studying the teachings and listening to the wise of one's lineage
Mati means cognition, developing a spiritual will and intellect with the guru's guidance;
Vrata is a sacred vows, fulfilling religious vows, rules and observances faithfully;
Japa is another form of Niyama which means recitation, chanting mantras daily;
Tapas is the endurance of the opposites; hunger and thirst, heat and cold, standing and sitting etc.
Niyama is described as the second limb of the eight limbs of Raja Yoga in Patanjali's Yoga Sutras. Here Shaucha is said to be in the traditional codification. This item is listed under Yamas and word means purity. Next is the Santosha, implying contentment. Then are the Tapas, which are austerity. Svadhyaya is a form of Niyama signifying self-study or study of spiritual scriptures. Lastly is the Ishvarapranidhana, which means self-surrender.
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