In the Vedas, Mitra is considered to be the divine power of honesty, friendship, contracts and meetings. He is a prominent deity of the Rig-Veda renowned by a relationship to Varuna, the protector of 'rta', 'order or course of things'. Mitra jointly with Varuna, he counted among the Adityas, a group of solar deities. They are the ultimate keeper of order and gods of the law.
Varuna and Mitra are the twin gods of the oath, recognized as Mitra-Varuna. In the Vedic hymns, Mitra is often invoked together with Varuna, so that the two are combined in a dvandva as Mitra-Varuna. Varuna is considered to be the lord of the cosmic rhythm of the celestial spheres, while Mitra brings forth the light at dawn, which was covered by Varuna. Mitra together with Varuna is the most prominent deity and the chief of the Adityas, in the Rig-Veda. Mitra and Varuna are addressed as Devas in Rig-Veda.
Mitra is said to be one of the twelve Adityas. Mitra is the one who controls over the organs of excretion.
Mitra was also a sage and wise man who was one of the seven sons of Vasishtna.
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