(Last Updated on : 06/12/2013)
In our daily life, we use all our body parts to give different gestures and postures. But the use of hands is the most frequent one. Here, are few mudras discussed below, which are given by the use of the hands.
This mudra is denoted by exposing the right hand palm in front with fingers pointing upwards. This mudra indicates assurance and protection. The abhaya mudra can be seen in the images of Vishnu and Siva.
In this mudra, the palm of the left hand is exposed in front with fingers pointing downwards as if giving something. This mudra is commonly used by the deities to give a boon.
In the Anjali hasta mudra, both the hands are clasped together. The palms are kept near the chest and touching it as if giving salutation. This mudra signifies the worship and can be seen usually in the images of devotees and subordinate deities.
The Kataka hasta mudra is indicated by applying the tips of fingers loosely to the thumb to form a ring to hold flowers. This mudra is visible in the images of female deities to hold flowers for daily worship.
In the Vismaya Hasta, the forearm is bent at the elbow with palm facing the image. Then the fingers are kept pointing upwards. This particular mudra indicates the astonishment on the part of the deity.
The Tarjani hasta mudra denotes as if someone is warning or scolding the other or drawing attention as if preaching. In this mudra the index finger of a semi-flexed hand is pointed upwards.
In the Tripateka Hasta, the hand is raised above the level of the shoulder with the palm facing in front. The first two fingers are kept rising upwards and little separated to hold an insignia. This particular mudra can be seen in the images of Vishnu and Siva when carrying their emblems.
In the damartt hasta mudra, the palm faces inwards and a drum is held either through a ribbon held between the index and middle finger or it is kept between the thumb and the three fingers lightly and in a playful manner. It is not a hard grip.
In this mudra, the palms are outstretched forming a crescent or a semi-circle between the thumb and the index finer to hold a bowl of fire. The Nataraja images have this mudra.
In the yoga hasta mudra, the right hand is placed in the palm of the left hand. Then both hands are together laid on the crossed legs, which indicate meditation or concentration.
In the Clrimnudra, the tips of the thumb and index finger touch each other to form a ring but the other fingers are kept open. The palms face outwards, suggesting realization of the Absolute.
There are various other mudras, which are available in mudrasin iconography. But many of those mudras are rarely seen in the images