(Last Updated on : 31/05/2014)
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen, a Muslim political party in India has its stronghold in the vintage city of Hyderabad. The party was founded in 1927 as a pro-Nizam party. Bahadur Yar Jung and Maulana Abul Hasan Syed Ali were the founding members of the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen. The party is considered the proponent of settling a Muslim dominion rather than integrating with India. Islamism is the ideology of the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen.
The All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen was also linked with a Muslim paramilitary organisation namely, the 'Razakars' (meaning 'volunteers'). 150,000 total Razakar soldiers were militarised in order to fight against the communists as well as for the independence of the Hyderabad State. They purported at protecting the Hyderabad State from consolidating with India. But, at that time Hyderabad was already unified with India. All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen were ostracised in 1948. During the period of 1948 to 1957, Qasim Rizwi, the president of the party and Razakar leader, was behind bars. Later, he was deported to Pakistan.
After being recognised in 1957, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen made a come back once more in the 1970s. The new party tried to maintain a distance from the organisation that they had at the time of the Nizam Days. Today, they recognise that Hyderabad is a part of India. The party has also added the words "All India" to their name. By changing the name All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen wanted to clarify their position on the national issuances.
The 'Majlis Bachao Tehreek' is a break-away group from the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen. The party is led by Amanullah Khan who has served as the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen MLA. They had won the seat of Hyderabad in the Lok Sabha elections of 2004. The seat is held by the party since 1984. Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi, president of the party had remained the MP from 1984 to 2004. Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi stepped down in favour of his son Barrister Asaduddin Owaisi before the elections of 2004. At the 2004 elections, the party introduced seven candidates in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections. Four of them were selected in the elections. The All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen party also holds 36 seats (out of 100) in the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad.