The discussion on a town or city of India becomes incoherent unless and until one gains acquaintance with the demographical situation of the particular town. For fulfilling such goals numerous demographers have carried on surveys and research works which made it possible for them to throw light on Kataiya town's demography. In this matter, the Census report that has been issued forth in the year 2001 has drawn attention of the experts. As has been mentioned in this report, the total population of Kataiya showed a population count of 17,896. A glance through this census report helps any layman to know the condition of both males and females of Kataiya. Information about children too can be deciphered. Out of the total population, in Kataiya male populace constitutes of 52 percent. The total population of females comprises of 48 percent only. In Kataiya, children who are below six years of age constitute 19 percent of the population.
From the report, one can even identify the status of literacy of Kataiya town as well. It has been noted that average rate of literacy of Kataiya is 42 percent which is even lower than that of the entire nation. 59.5 percent is the average literacy rate of India. Specifications about male and female literacy rate also are significant. Rate of male literacy constitutes of 53 percent, which rightly proves their inclination towards education. Female literacy rate showed measurement of 30 percent.
Keeping in pace with tradition of other places in India, people of this Gopalganj district too adapted to the agricultural activities. Chief crops include paddy, wheat and maize. Sugar mills also have grown here. Since Kataiya is incorporated in Gopalganj district it becomes evident that people who are residing in Kataiya too follow the same footsteps.