Demography is vital information, which aids any one to know certain identifiable features about Kardhan town. Over the years the eminent demographers have conducted surveys in the region, which enabled them to prepare extensive reports on Kardhan town's demography. In this regard, due mentioning may be made of the census report of a particular year. Being issued forth in the year 2001, it has highlighted facts like literacy rate, population status etc. Thus this census report showed that Kardhan has got a population count of 9579. Out of it, population of males constitutes of 54 percent, while the population of females comprises of 46 percent only. In Kardhan, 13 percent of the population is under six years of age.
Literacy rate of Kardhan helps one to get an idea whether development has occurred in a place or not. If literacy rate is high then that particular place is considered to be more or less developed. Regarding Kardhan it can be said that its average literacy rate is quite high thus confirming to the fact that this town is more or less developed. It constitutes of 72 percent, which is even more than 59.5 percent, the average literacy rate of India. Specification about male and female literacy rates too can be inferred. Thus rate of male literacy constitutes of 77 percent. 67 percent is the rate of female literacy.
Experts have thrown some light about salient features of Ambala district. Being an integral part of the district it becomes evident that people who are residing in Kardhan too are going to follow the same trend. Agriculture, working, as laborers, trade and commerce are some of the occupations that they have involved themselves for sustaining their livelihood.