The Indian Census report published in 2001 states that Mawana had a population of 69,199. Out of it, males' account for 53% of the population and females comprises of the remaining 47%. In Mawana, 17% of the population is less than six years of age. The census report also throws light on the literacy rate of the town, which is 53% much lower than the national average literacy rate, which is 59.5%. To be specific, the male literacy rate is 61% and the female literacy rate is 44%.
This town is famous for the cultivation of sugarcane. It is a major sugar-producing center and houses India's third biggest sugar factory. Mawana is also renowned for its handloom industry. The major landmarks of Mawana are an ancient Shiva temple, Gurdwara, and Ashok Tower.