(Last Updated on : 08/09/2016)
Tribals in Kerala
are living on the hill ranges, mainly on the Western Ghat
, bordering Karnataka
and Tamil Nadu
. The mountainous regions of Kerala are inhibited by the tribal communities. They are reckoned as the descendants of the Negrito race. A majority of these tribes of Kerala build their settlements in the dense forest grounds and also on the top of the mountains.
The tribes of Kerala differ from each other depending upon the region they reside. All the tribes of Kerala build a rich, unique, varied and critical element of Indian tradition. There are 35 tribal communities in Kerala that make up about 2 percent of the states total population. The major tribes of Kerala are namely Irular tribe, Urali tribe
, Paniyan tribe
, Kapu tribe
, Kanikkar tribe
, Kadar tribe
, etc. In Kerala, the Ulladan tribe
resides in every corner of districts including the Idukki district
, Kottayam district
, Pathanamthitta district
and the Quilon district
Urali Tribe of Kerala
Urali tribe is found in Idukki
and Kollam districts of Kerala
. Most of them live on small huts made on tree tops inside the forest. They are engaged in cultivation and collection of forest produces.
Paniyan Tribe of Kerala
The Paniyan tribal people of Kerala reside in some parts of Wayanad district
district and Kannur
district. The word Paniyan signifies worker and there are several occupations that are practiced by this tribal community including shifting cultivation.
Kadar Tribe of Kerala
Kadar tribe of Kerala has a rich heritage of adapting the profession of food collection and some of them are the practitioners of art and culture.
Pulaya Tribe of Kerala
Another is the Pulaya
tribe which falls into the list of various tribes of Kerala. Mainly due to the wealth of several art forms, namely, Margam kali dance
and Chimmanakal, eminent anthropologists have held this tribal community in high esteem. They are the followers of Hinduism
and also believe in spirits and magic.
Kuruman Tribe of Kerala
They are seen in Wayanad district close to forests but live in good houses. All the different communities among them are jointly listed as Kuruman in the scheduled tribe
list of the government.
Kanikkar Tribe of Kerala
Most of the Kanikkar tribal people have a tradition of practicing unique rites and rituals at the time of celebrating wedding and also death.
Physical Appearance of Tribes of Kerala
Tribes of Kerala belong to the family group of Dravidians. They have got similar body stature and traits. In fact theses tribes of Kerala have got dark complexion. Tribes of Kerala are generally short in height. They are also well-built with flat nose. The tribes in the state of Kerala grow very long hair and they tie it by forming hair locks.
Indian Tribal People
South Indian Tribes
Indian Scheduled Tribes