(Last Updated on : 18/04/2017)
was a revolutionary movement in India affecting the social and cultural aspects of the country. More specifically, this social reform movement brought about changes in Indian Music
, Indian Painting
, Indian Dances
, Indian Economy, etc. Given below are the Impacts of Renaissance on the socio-cultural system of India.
Impacts of Renaissance on Indian Music
Post the downfall of the Mughal
s, Maharaja Pratap Singh
Deva of Jaipur
and Mohammad Raza of Patna
, a nobleman, are credited with the revival of music in India. A conference of musicians was called by Maharaja Pratap Singh, who tried to get a standard work on Hindustani Music
written. Rabindra Sangeet
, Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram
, Kirtans and Loka-Giti, background music or orchestration, etc became popular during renaissance.
Impact of Renaissance on Indian Painting
In the nineteenth century, the Indian art
had almost declined. Fortunately, Late E. B. Havell, the Head of the Calcutta
School of Art and artist, Abanindranath Tagore
commenced preaching the beauty of Indian art. Abanindranath Tagore is regarded as the father of the new renaissance in painting.
Devi Prasad Choudhry, Sarda Charan Ukil, Rabindranath Tagore
, Amrita Sher Gil
, etc are regarded as the people who established the importance of paintings in India.
Impact of Renaissance on Indian Dances
The impact of Renaissance on Indian Dances relates to the revival of Bharatnatyam
as a counter-dose to the old dancing with lewd looks and gestures and the revival of folk-dance
. In Lucknow
was revived by Kalka
and Binda followed by Shambhu Maharaj
. There was also revival of ancient dances of Manipur
. Centers for dance opened up all over India. For Kathak, there were schools at Lucknow, Banaras
, Jaipur and Raigarh
. For Bharatnatyam, there were Adyar
Impact of Renaissance on Indian Literature
Literary Renaissance of modern India was affected by English literature
, the revolt against old conventions, the vogue of the novel
and the social drama
, urge to experiment in literary forms and techniques. The predominance of a secular outlook, the upsurge of national spirit and patriotic fervor, progressive movements typified in translations and adaptations from English literature had shaped Indian literature.
Impact of Renaissance on Indian Economy
As the British
ers became powerful in India, India was reduced to a raw material producing country of the world. Laws were passed disrupting Indian mercantile. Industry weaving
suffered as a result of the imposition of British tariffs. Fortunately, the introduction of western education triggered the rise of the middle classes in India, who felt the need for industrialization. Industries came up in India after the Mutiny of 1857