(Last Updated on : 12/06/2010)
Thane is the northeast part of Mumbai. It is the administrative head quarter of Thane District. The name Thane derived from the word sthan or sthanaks, which means `Place`.
Veteran traveller Marc Polo had visited Thane in the year 1290. he described the city as a great kingdom, which apparently had a well developed port. The Portuguese had came to Thane in 1530 and rulled it till 200 years . At that time Thane was known as Cabaca De Tana. In the year 1730, the work on Thana Fort was began.
In 1739, The Marathas have conquered Thane. But when British captured the Thane Fort, they pronounced it as Tana. They made the fort as the head quarter of the district.
The Thane municipal Council was formed in 1863. After Indian independence, Thane grew slowly and became an Industrial town.
The city is surrounded by hills; the city is divided in to Thane Creek, a stream of water from the Arabian Sea, two road bridges and one rail bridge connect the two parts of the city. Thane`s weather is typical coastal sultry and humid. The maximum temperature is 37°C and minimum is 25°C. Annual rainfall of the city is 1500 to 2000mm.
Thane has a large industrial area. There are many big and small industries have gorwn here. Thane industrial area consists of Wagle estate, Trans Thane Creek (TTC) area known as Thane belapur road, Ghodbunder road. These industrial area houses mostly based on chemical, engineering, textile and electrical industries.
The collector, an officer of Indian Administrative division is the head of the Thane District. He was assist by Sub- Collector. District collector looks after all the happenings of the day-to-day affairs of the district.
Mumbai airport is the nearest airport for Thane.
Thane is well connected with neighbour suburbs through Mumbai Railways Division. It stops on the central railway division of Indian railways.
Thane has its own Bus Service named as Thane Municipal Transport.
There are 15 Tehsils in the Thane district. They are Thane, Kalyan, Murbad, Bhiwandi, Shahapur, Vasai, Ulhasnagar, Ambarnath, Dahanu,
Palghar, Talasari, Jawahar, Mokhada, Wada and Vikramgad. For administrative purpose the district has divided into five sub divisions. They are Thane, Bhiwandi, Dahanu, Jawahar and Ulhasnagar.
As per 2001 Census, Thane had a population of 1,261,517. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Thane has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 73%. In Thane, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Majority of the people in Thane are Maharashtrians and Marathi is the most commonly spoken language in the city. Thane is just like its neighbouring city Mumbai, boasts of a very vibrant cosmopolitan culture.The Gadkari Rangayatan auditorium has cultural programs running all through the year.
Festivals of Thane throuh out the year are -
In February Elephanta, a small island near Mumbai, is a favoured destination for culture lovers. Elephanta Festival, the tranquil abode of Lord Shiva, just one-and-a-half-hour`s journey by motor launch from Mumbai. Once known as Puri or Gharapuri, the island was the proud capital of a powerful coastal kingdom.
Rang Panchami is a water festival held during Dol Purnima (full moon) to celebrate the beginning of spring.
People erect stick outside their houses, which is tied with cloth & some sweets. Maharashtrians erect gudhis on Padwa, first day of Hindu New Year. People welcome the new year with gudhi worship and distribute prasad comprising tender neem leaves.
Ramnavami: Birthday of Lord Rama, the hero of great epic Ramayana, celebrated as a day of great piety, with chanting of prayers. Lord Rama was born on the ninth day of the month of chitra, hence we celebrate his birthday as a `Navami`.
It is ten days celebration of Saint Eknath Maharaj.
The day when Maharashtra attained its statehood.
This is women`s festival where women tie threads around a banyan tree & pray for the same husband in every birth.
It is the eleven days celebration of Maharashtra. It is the most important festival of all people here. Lord Ganesh, the patron deity of Maharashtra. Ganesh Chaturthi is the auspicious day when Lord Ganesh was born.
Diwali or Deepavali means a row of lights, five-day festival to celebrate Rama and Sita`s homecoming in the Ramayana. It signifies the victory of good over evil. The most beautiful of all Indian festivals, Diwali is a celebration of lights. Streets are illuminated with rows of clay lamps and homes are decorated with rangoli.
Visiting places of Thane
Kashi and Mira are two villages in Thane Taluka located close to each other. The surroundings of the two villages abound in natural beauty and scenery.
It is called the "Mahabaleshwar of Thane District", when compared in beauty and climate. And places to see are the majestic Dadara Kopra Falls, Jai Vilas, the palace of the tribal kings, the Hanuman and Sunset Points and the enthralling Shirpamal, where Shivaji chose to camp on his way to Surat.
There are around 23 lakes in the city, which are worth a visit. The most important and beautiful of them all is the Masunda Talao, termed by the locals as Talao Pali. The lake offers boating facilities and water scooters are available too.
The Yeur Hills offer nature at its bountiful best. This pollution free zone is a great getaway from the daily traffic hassles and hazardous life. These hills are also called as the "Mama Bhanja Hills" and a visit to the Swami`s Math is a must.
Titwala is about 45-km from Thane district. It is considered as sacred pilgrim centre as it houses Maha Ganesh Temple and the temple of Shri Vithoba. Nearby is a place, called Ambarnath. The beautiful temple here, dating back to dating back to the 11th century, is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple in black stone is built in the `Hemadpanti` style of architecture.
A small township near Bhivandi, about 40 kms from Thane is Ganesh Puri, residence of Swami Nityanand Maharaj. It is also famous for its hot water springs. There is an old temple with four tanks called Kundas, which are interconnected and are said to have been built some 800 years ago.
Kalyan has always carried an important place in Marathi history. Today it is a main railway junction and there are rice mills and factories making car spare parts. Kalyan is an ancient port, dating back to the Gupta dynasty (320-550?). Extensive ruins in Kalyan indicate the city`s former magnificence. It was occupied by the Bijapur sultanate (a Muslim state) in the 1500s and later by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who fortified the city in the mid-1600s. Later the Marathas occupied the area, making Kalyan one of their strategic centers because it guarded the entrance to Bombay and the western coast of India.
The ruins can still be visited and also the Hajimalang Dargah on the Mangalgad Hill nearby.
|Except the general schools and colleges there are several professional Institutions including
||Mahatma Gandhi Missions College of Nurshing
|Annasaheb Chudaman Patil College of Engineering
||Sushila Institute of Nurshing
|College of Engineering Belapur
||Udaya General School of Nurshing
|College of Engineering and Technology, Navi Mumbai
||Sau Minatai Thakre Institute of Nurshing Education.
|College of Engineering and Technology, Thane
||Auyrved medical College of Thane.
|Datta Meghe College of Engineering
||Hyderabad National Collegiate Boards Navi Gursahani Law College.
|KC College of Engineering
||V P Mandals Thane Municipal Councils law College.
|LokManya College of Engineering
||Viva Institute of Management studies
|VS General Hospital, Thane
||Bharti Vidyapeeths Institute of Management Studies and Research, Thane.