Moti Masjid is a beautiful mosque located in Delhi
in the premises of the Agra Fort
. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
between the years 1659-1660. The mosque is built of white marble and is well known for its sparkling white colour. The mosque has been erected near the `Court for Common People` or the `Diwan-E-Aam` in the Agra Fort. The mosque lies on the bank of Yamuna River
and is regarded as a religious and architectural relic of India.
Architecture of Moti Masjid
Moti Masjid mosque is known for its rich architectural beauty. It has a popular religious place for worship for the royal members of the court belonging of the Mughal Dynasty
. The prayer hall of the mosque lies on the western side. The mosque has been beautifully designed and looks quite elegant. The mosque is supported by twelve magnificent pillars. It also has an arch and these surround the porch on the north, south and the east of the mosque. Moti Masjid is crowned by three attractive domes, originally copper plated. There is a parapet that is lined with a sequence of domed kiosks. These have been designed according to Hindu architectural pattern. The mosque has been divided into several aisles by the seven bays. These aisles are supported by the piers and overhead arches. The main entrance of the mosque is located on the eastern side which is embellished with copper plated leaves. The chief platform of the mosque has been raised by four steps which is a contrast to other mosques as they are levelled over three steps. The mosque also has a separate prayer hall for the women that have been built on either sides of the main prayer hall. These prayer halls has been adorned with marbled lattice worked screens. The main prayer hall of the mosque has outlines of musallas i.e. small carpets for prayers in black marble. The western wall of the mosque has been embellished with beautifully carved and inlaid mihrabs. The main sanctuary lies beyond these arcades. The architectural style of the mosque and its design belongs to the Shah Jahan
era. It looks quite elegant and boasts of the rich architectural craftsmanship of ancient India.
Another mosque by the same name had been built by Shah Jahan in 1645 CE by located in Lahore Fort in Lahore in Pakistan. Besides this another small mosque by the name, Mota Masjid was again by the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I
between the years 1707-1712 for his personal use. It is located close to the Ajmeri Gate of the dargah of Sufi saint, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki at Mehrauli. This mosque resembles in design to the one located inside the Red Fort