(Last Updated on : 14/07/2012)
Jyotirao Phule has contributed greatly towards the mass education. Like Syed Ahmad Khan
, he saw access to modem education as crucial to the advancement of his people, who were the peasant masses of western India. Khan, in turn, had been provoked and inspired by the work of Ram Mohan Roy
. Roy thought that by means of modern education Hindus would come on par with the British; Sir Syed hoped the same instrument would bring Muslims on par with Hindus; Phule, that it would bring non-Brahmins on par with Brahmins.
After consistent efforts finally the government decided to provide ample fund for the purpose of education of the masses. He felt that lot more money should be allocated for the purpose of education, as greater portion of the revenues of the Indian Empire are derived from the labour of general people - from the sweat of his brow. The higher and richer classes contribute little or nothing to the state exchequer. Incomes are derived, not from surplus profits, but from capital; not from luxuries, but from the poorest necessaries. It is the product of sin and tears. That Government should expend profusely a large portion of revenue on the education of the higher classes. He felt that the objective to patronize education would prepare scholars who, it is thought, would in time vend learning without money and without price.
During that time the most glaring tendencies of Government system of high class education has been the virtual monopoly of all the higher offices under them by Brahmins. Jyotirao felt that if welfare of the low class or general people is the motto, then Government must look to check a host of abuses, to eradiate or narrow this monopoly day by day so as to allow a sprinkling of the other castes to get into the public services.
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