(Last Updated on : 23/05/2013)
Traditional Indian medicine reminds one of the ancient Indian health care systems popularly known as Ayurveda
. Ayurveda is concerned with the protection of 'Ayus'which includes healthy living along with therapeutic measures that relate to physical, mental, social and spiritual harmony Ayurveda is also one among the few traditional systems of medicine to contain a sophisticated system of surgery (which is referred to as "salya-chikitsa").
The origin of this traditional Indian medicine, Ayurveda is stated to be a divine revelation of the ancient Indian creator Lord Brahma
. This knowledge was directly passed to Daksha Prajapati in the form of shloka sung by Lord Brahma and this was then passed through a successive chain and ultimately to Lord Indra
, the protector of dharma. The first human exponent of Ayurveda was Bharadvaja, who learned it directly from Indra. Bharadvaja in turn taught Ayurveda to a group of assembled sages, who then passed down different aspects of this knowledge to their students. Ayurveda was first described in text form by Agnivesha, in his book the Agnivesh tantra. The book was later renamed by Charaka, and became known as the Charaka Samhita.
Another early text of Ayurveda is the Sushruta Samhita, which was compiled by Sushrut, the primary pupil of Dhanvantri, sometime around 1000 BC. Dhanvantri is known as the Father of Surgery, and in the Sushrut Samhita, the teachings and surgical techniques of Dhanvantri are compiled and complemented with additional findings and observations of Sushrut regarding topics ranging from obstetrics and orthopedics to ophthalmology. Sushrut Samhita together with Charaka Samhita, served as the textual material within the ancient Universities of Takshashila and Nalanda.The eight branches of Ayurveda are;. Internal medicine ( Kayachikitsa Tantra ) Surgery (Shalya Tantra) Ears, eyes, nose and throat (Shalakya Tantra ) Pediatrics (Kaumarabhritya Tantra ) Toxicology (Agada Tantra ) Purification of the genetic organs (Bajikarana or Vajikarana Tantra ) Health and Longevity (Rasayana Tantra) Spiritual Healing/Psychiatry (Bhuta Vidya ).
The central concept of Ayurvedic medicine or the traditional Indian medicine is the theory that the good health can be maintained when there is a balance between three fundamental bodily doshas called Vata ,pitta and Kapha . Vata
is the air principle necessary to mobilize the function of the nervous system . Pitta
is the fire principle which uses bile to direct digestion and hence metabolism into the venous system.Kapha
is the water principle which relates to mucous, lubrication and the carrier of nutrients into the arterial system.
Traditional Indian medicines are made from herbs or mixture of herbs either alone or combining it with minerals, metals and other ingredients Not only medicines ayurveda provides with a variety of massages as a form of treatment for various age .Some of the advantages which can be cited are pain relief, improved circulation, stress relief, better sleep flexibility, athletic performance and emotional benefits. Massage therapy can soothe pain, relax stiff muscles, and reduce the swelling that accompanies arthritis.