Dvija - Informative & researched article on Dvija
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Religion


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Food|Indian Religion|Indian Personalities|Indian Villages|Kamasutra|Indian Costume|Indian Weddings|Astrology|Indian Jewellery|Indian Women|Indian Tribals
Home > Society > Indian Religion > Types of Religion in India > Hinduism > Dvija
Dvija
Dvija is associated with the three upper castes and has nothing to do with physical rebirth or exiting the womb.
 
 DvijaDvija is a Sanskrit word which means one who is twice born .It is associated with first three varnas in Hinduism. Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas, although in many Shastras, Dvija usually refers to Brahmin only.

The "stages of life for a twice born man"is discussed in details in the Hindu Manusmriti.The concept says that a member of the Dwija are to undergo four periods of life :first as a student Brahmacharya; then, as a householder Grihastha; then, he shall live in retirement Vanaprastha; and finally, as an ascetic Sanyasi.

In the second stage of their life the boys belonging to these castes undergoes an initiation ceremony called upanayana, which allowed them to hear, study, and recite the Vedas, forbidden to sudras and women. Initiated members of the twice-born classes were distinguished by the sacred cord (yagyopavita, or, in Hindi, janeo), which they wore over their left shoulder and under their right arm and never removed it in their lifetime. This thread ceremony also called Upanayanam is assumed to be the second birth of the boy, when he is initiated into the ultimate pursuit of life Brahmopadesam (Preaching/Advising in the matter of the nature of Brahman - the ultimate reality) A Dwija is governed by his Karma and his conduct has to be a cultured one. His life is governed by Dharma-Adharma (right and wrong), Karya-Akaryam (good and bad deeds) and Vidhi-Nisheda (Prescribed and Proscribed actions) as determined by Sastra Pramana. A Dwija does what he ought to do rather than what he wants to do. He does not avoid what he dislikes rather he avoids what ought to be avoided.

The Upanayanam ceremony gave a student a new status of dvija or twice born which comprised of pledging in front of sacred fire under the supervision of a priest .The symbol of Upanayanam was a sacred thread which has to be worn around the body by the boy. The sacred thread would bind him symbolically to the vow and remind him of the vow he had taken throughout his life. It would remind him of the vow to adhere to the qualities of hard work, humility, kindness, politeness and honesty.

Dvija or twice born status signified being born in spirit and undergoing a spiritual growth and mental transformations. It had nothing to do with being physically reborn or exiting the womb twice. Similarly, dvija was not related in anyway to the previous birth or reincarnation. Upanayanam acted as a preliminary exercise for a decent behaviour required for sruti learning.

However merely undergoing the Upanayanam (initiation) ceremony, acquiring the dvija (twice born) status or having (wearing) the yagyopavit (sacred thread) around one's body was not enough to become a true Brahmin .The process to become a Brahmin lay in completing the necessary education.

(Last Updated on : 25/03/2015)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Hinduism  (898)
 
Hindu Gods  (444)
 
 
Vaishnavism  (90)
 
Panchangam  (16)
 
Gorakhnathis  (15)
 
 
Hindu Vrata  (10)
 
Lokas  (9)
 
Mantra  (7)
 
Aarti  (7)
 
 
 
Shaktism  (6)
 
Brahman  (5)
 
 
Puja  (5)
 
Purohitas  (3)
 
 
Shradh  (3)
 
Devadasis  (2)
 
Marudeva  (2)
 
Gotra  (1)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Religion
Naam Japo
Naam Japo means remembering God by repeating and meditating by focusing the mind on His name. Naam Japo is able to fulfill all desires and cleanse the mind of its impurities.
Ekadashi
Ekadashi is eleventh day of each lunar cycle on which fasting is observed to get rid of the sins.
Work of Ramanuja on Lord Jagannath
Work on Lord Jagannatha by Ramanuja is the epitome in Odisha history and especially in the history of Lord Jaganntah Temple.
Importance of Kashmiri Pandit Festivals
Importance of Kashmiri Pandit Festivals has the concepts of both Hindu and Jewish culture.
Herath
Herath is one of the most important festivals in Jammu and Kashnir. It has the close similarity with the Shivaratri Festival.
Forum
Forum on Indian Religion
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Society
 
 
Dvija - Informative & researched article on Dvija
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.