Chittaranjan Das belonged to the Das family of Telirbagh, in Bikrampur district. His father was Bhuban Mohan Das. He had completed his education in England and became a Barrister. His career began in 1909 when he defended Aurobindo Ghosh
on charges of involvement in the Alipore bomb case. During the non cooperation movement he was a leading figure in Bengal. He initiated the ban on British clothes by burning his own European clothes and wearing Khadi clothes.
He was the first mayor after the formation of Calcutta Corporation. He found the Swaraj Party along with veteran Motilal Nehru and young Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. He believed in non-violence and constitutional methods in order to achieve national independence. He advocated Hindu-Muslim unity, cooperation and communal harmony. He is referred to as Desh Bandhu at times. His health became weak in 1925 thereby shifting to a mountain home in Darjeeling. On 16 June 1925 he died.
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