Botanical Gardens, Kolkata - Informative & researched article on Botanical Gardens, Kolkata
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian National Parks > Botanical Gardens
Botanical Gardens, Kolkata
the Botanical gardens are wonderfully nurtured and the greenery sets it apart from the rest.
 
More on Botanical Gardens, Kolkata (1 Articles)
 Botanical Gardens, KolkataThe botanical garden is located in Shibpur, on the west bank of the river Hooghly in Kolkata. The garden is spread over 272 acres of luxuriant greenery, which is in the suburbs of the city. The cynosure of the Botanical Gardens is the huge 250-year-old Banyan tree. The garden has a historical past that dates back to the British regime when Kolkata was the capital of India and there was an influx of Europeans from all over the world. Colonel Robert Kyd is credited for the foundation of the Garden, he in a letter dated 1st June 1786 initiated the proposal of its establishment. He was an amateur botanist apart from being a Secretary to the Board in the Military Department of Fort William, and thought this would be valuable for the trade and commerce a well. April 1787 marked the beginning of the preparatory works for the Garden.

Kyd undertook schemes under which initially nutmeg, cloves, cinnamon, pepper vines, etc were planted but that failed due to the unsuitable climatic conditions. Same was the case with Equatorial fruits. It is noted that Kyd introduced some 300 species of plants into the Garden. His successor, William Roxburgh, took charge of the Garden on 29 November 1793, Roxburgh introduced the Mahogany tree into the Garden from West Indian seeds sent by the COURT OF DIRECTORS in 1794-95. There is a claim that every Mahogany tree in the region was basically derived from these imports. Similarly, teak was also for the first time planted in the Calcutta Botanic Garden, though Teak plantations were not successful in Bengal. Roxburgh experimented with fibrous plants and they were more successful of his other experiments.

The Botanical Gardens is laced with a variety of flower and fruit bearing trees. The centerpiece of the garden is undoubtedly the enormous 250-year-old Banyan tree. Besides, a large variety of aquatic plants, particularly the Victoria Amazonica is especially very attractive. The Sicilian double coconut tree, the multibranched Palmyra tree, bamboo trees, and a huge variety of cactus, orchids and other flowering plants makes this place a wonderful location to spend some time discovering the wide variety of flora and natural vegetation.

The Library of the Garden was enhanced and improved by the purchase of Thomson`s personal library. Thomson took charge of the Garden on 17th April 1855. This place is an ultimate paradise for people with interest in botany and they will find a rare collection of monographs at the in-house library. This place away from the noise of the city provides a refining experience for the visitors imparting knowledge and visual treat. There are no fees charged for entering the Garden, and one can best enjoy during sunsets and mornings.

(Last Updated on : 10/09/2013)
More Articles in Indian National Parks  (171)
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Gir National Park
Gir National Park, situated in Gujarat, is the home to the rare Indian wildlife species.
Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary
Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary in Chandigarh, developed as a result of afforestation done for the soil conservation around Sukhna Lake. It offers a delightful experience of eco-tourism and shelters a vast variety of flora and fauna.
White Babul Plant
White Babul is an Indian medicinal plant and is used for treating diseases.
Agro-Horticultural Gardens
The Agro-Horticultural Gardens not only showcases rare varieties of plants but also provides for many vocational courses
Ratanmahal and Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary
Ratanmahal and Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary, located at the Gujarat Madhya Pradesh border conserves the Sloth Bear.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Botanical Gardens, Kolkata - Informative & researched article on Botanical Gardens, Kolkata
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.