Post Modernism in Malayalam Literature - Informative & researched article on Post Modernism in Malayalam Literature
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Literature


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Literature > Regional Indian Literature > Malayalam Literature > Post Modernism in Malayalam Literature
Post Modernism in Malayalam Literature
Post Modernism in Malayalam literature led to the spread of Malayalam works of literature to a wider reading public. The early regionalized works of the writers were now replaced by works that placed Malayalam literature in the global realm.
 
More on Post Modernism in Malayalam Literature (2 Articles)
 
 
 Post Modernism in Malayalam literature brought Malayalam literature onto the world-stage. As varied as their backgrounds and contributions, some of the late Romantics continued the Vallathol school of poetry; conservative and lyrical in style, yet progressive in terms of the poetic vision. Thus their poems were region-specific and not easily translatable. Some of their work seemed like products of a region that was too distant from the larger world. The postmodern poets and fiction writers connected Malayalam literature to a world larger than Kerala.

Post-modernism in the West is primarily an engagement with form, but in Malayalam, besides its subversion of form, novelists and poets appear to be reinstating some of the irrationalities and beliefs that modernism worked so hard to get rid of. In many ways, this trend is an extension of social post-modernity. The persistence of caste consciousness, the puzzling co-existence of tribalism and individualism, the rise of consumerism and liberalization of capitalist enterprise, the rise of religious fundamentalism, the decline of the Left, and various anxieties about the future of modernity and nationality (all these are seen from the region, from Kerala`s peripheral position) are factors that are yet to be played out fully. However, the immediate course for post-modernist writing has been the habitualization of modern literary forms (socialist realism). Among the more profound cultural reasons we can include the general breakdown of idealism, the excesses of political organizations (Marxist Party, the Naxalites), and the rise of communal and fascist organizations.

With the death of Sankara Kurup, Idassery, and Kunjiraman Nair, what was known initially as a strange generation of "ultra-moderns" came to take Malayalam poetry in a new direction. They were actually the post-moderns, and their landmark publication was Ayyappa Paniker`s long poem Kuruskhetra (1961). With its echoes of `The Waste Land` and The Bhagavad Gita, this long poem gathers together varied strands of Indian post-modernity. The East and the West merge in this era of late capitalism; poverty lingers; revolution has failed; no certainties are left to offer the people solace, not even the old tribal rhythms, because modernity has disturbed them. Paniker`s poem voices the sense of guilt and terror an individual has to bear with living in an unbounded historical moment in which, according to Paniker, the World Bank becomes the custodian of truth.

Kadammanitta RamakrishnanIn spite of the wide difference in terms of their age, the post-modernist poets like Kadammanitta Ramakrishnan, M. Govindan, A. Ayyappan, O. V. Usha, Satchidanandan, Balachandran Chullikkad, Chemmanam Chacko, Cherian K. Cherian, N. N. Kakkad, Madhavan Ayyppath, K. G. Sankara Pillai, Vinayachandran, and three dozen other poets have created a sustained poetic culture in Kerala. Some of these poets have also brought poetry into the public culture through street performances and campus readings, ushering in a new golden age of poetry.

The category postmodernists encompass a large number of poets, novelists, short story writers, critics, and historians. Among the most significant fiction writers who are making lasting contributions are Madhavikutty (Manasi), Anand (Alkoottam, Marana Certificate, Marubhmikal Vndavunnathu Engane), Sethu (Pandava Puram), Punathil Kunjabdulla (Smaraka Shilakal, Marunnu), Kakanadan (Ushna Mekhala, Parankimala, Aru-deyo Oru Nagaram), M. Mukundan (Mayyazhippuzhayude Thirangalil, Elokam Athil Orun Manushyari), Padmarajan (Nakshatrangale Kaval), M. P. Narayana Pillai (Parinamam), V. K. N. (Pithamahan and Payyan Kathakal), C. V. Balakrishnan (Ayusinte Pusthakam), Gracy (Padiyirangippoya Parvathi), Sarah Joseph (Papathara), U. A. Khader (Khuraissikoottam), and K. L. Mohana Varma (Nakshatrangalu.de Thadavukari). A list of important emerging writers to watch for in the years to come includes Nalini Bakal, Unnikrishnan Thiruvazhyodu, Madambu Kunhikuttan, K. B. Sridevi, M. D. Ratnamma, Sarah Thomas, T. V. Kochubava, Harikumar, N. S. Madhavan, V. G. Maramuttam, U. K. Kumaran, Jayanarayanan, C. V. Sreeraman, Ipe Paramel, P. T. Rajalakshmi, Thomas Joseph, K. P. Nirmal Kumar, and Joseph Vytilla.

Thus post-modernism in Malayalam literature did the immense work of bringing Malayalam literature onto the world stage. Works that were initially regionalized now got propelled into wider regions thus earning it a bigger audience and greater acceptability.

(Last Updated on : 17/08/2012)
More Articles in Malayalam Literature  (14)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Literature
Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore, a renowned poet, was honoured the Nobel Prize for Literature for the famous ‘Gitanjali’ and wrote the national anthem.
Khushwant Singh
Khushwant Singh, a post colonial novelist and journalist of India was best known for his biting secularism, sharp wits and abiding love for poetry. The demise of this gem on 20th March 2014 caused a great loss to the world of literature.
Prakalpana Movement
Prakalpana Movement was a literary movement in the Bengali language that was launched on 6th September, 1969, by Vattacharja Chandan with his associates, whose goal was to create a new genre of literature, distinct from the already existing forms of literary styles.
Indian Literary Organisations
Indian literary organisations function passionately for one common cause of promoting excellence and acclamation and contribute to the growth and development of Indian literature.
Indian Literary Movements
Indian literary movements prove a benchmark to establishing writers and their propagation of their regional language.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Literature
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Post Modernism in Malayalam Literature - Informative & researched article on Post Modernism in Malayalam Literature
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.