Early Indian English Poetry, English Literature in India - Informative & researched article on Early Indian English Poetry, English Literature in India
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Literature

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Literature > Indian English Literature > Early Indian English Poetry
Early Indian English Poetry, English Literature in India
Early English Poetry makes up some of the earliest writing by Indians in the English language. Some of the best know names in the field of Indian poetry, such as Rabindranath Tagore, Aurobindo Ghosh and Sarojini Naidu, have mede significant contributions to early English poetry.
More on Early Indian English Poetry, English Literature in India (1 Articles)
 Michael Madhusudan DuttEarly English poetry was the earliest writing of the Indians in the English language. The first literary texts in English emerged from Bengal, and Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1774-1833), the progressive advocate of English civilization and culture, wrote numerous essays and treatises, which were collected in a complete volume in 1906. But it seems that poetry was the genre that first took flight in the Indian imagination, the best-known nineteenth-century poets being Henry Louis Vivian Derozio (1809-31), Michael Madhusudan Dutt (1827-73), Toru Dutt (1856-77), her cousin Romesh Chunder Dutt (1848-1909), and Manmohun Ghose (7-1924).

All of these poets, in some degree, were influenced by the idealistic strain of romanticism. Their poets reflect Christian as well as lyrical sentiments. It has been noted that the first volume of poetry in English came out even before these poets made their mark, such as Shair and Other Poems (1830) by Kasiprasad Ghose. By the turn of the century and into the early twentieth century, three more poets were to join their ranks, outdoing them with a far greater success and fame. These were Rabindranath Tagore(1861-1941), Sri Aurobindo Ghose (1872-1950), and Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949).

Rabindranath Tagore, maily a lyrical poet, came to the attention of the West by his 1912 English translation of his Bengali poems. This collection was called Gitanjali, meaning song offering, and this volume secured him international recognition. Though he went on to translate more of his poetry, Macmillan publishing the Collected Poems and Plays in 1936, Tagore is still best known for his first collection of poems and the creation of his experimental school, Santiniketan, in Bolpur. Unlike Tagore, Sri Aurobindo wrote originally in English, more justly deserving the title of mystic and visionary with such well-known works as Savitri (1936) and The Life Divine (1939-40). Initially, Sri Aurobindo embarked on a career in the Indian civil service with a degree in the classics from King's College, Cambridge. The years of Anglicization came to an end when he rediscovered Indian religion and philosophy. After a period of nationalist activity, he established an ashram in Pondicherry, where he began to write his epic-style philosophical works and acquired a large religious following. Like Sri Aurobindo, Sarojini Naidu went to King's College in England, returning eventually to India on the advice of Edmund Gosse, who found her early poems "too English". Her three volumes of poetry, The Golden Threshold (1905), The Bird of Time (1912), and The Broken Wing (1917), earned her much fame and popularity in England. At home, she became a well-known public figure.

One of the most remarkable things about the early poets is that they did not see any contradiction between the Indian and Anglicized identities. Henry Derozio, for instance, was a fervent nationalist; yet, his love of the romantics found him riding an Arab horse through the streets of Kolkata. Similarly, Toru Dutt went to Indian myth and legend for her themes in Ancient Ballads and Legends of Hindustan, freshly reinterpreting some of these; yet, she remained attached to France and French literature, even writing a novel in French and translating French poems into English. Thus these early writers did not did not merely reproduce the axioms of imperialism and mindlessly imitate Western literature. They were the mediators between the east and the west.

(Last Updated on : 17/08/2012)
More Articles in Indian English Literature  (112)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Literature
Sanskrit Scientific Literature
Sanskrit Scientific Literature is a volatile source of incessant knowledge. It comprises of compositions based on Astrology, Physiognomy, Palmistry, Mathematics, Gemmology, alchemy, medicine and others.
Novelists in Tamil Literature
Novelists in Tamil Literature consist of many reputed Tamil authors, such as Vetanayakam Pillai, Nateca Sastri, Rajam Iyer, who wrote various noteworthy novels during the 19th century.
Vetanayakam Pillai
Vetanayakam Pillai is considered as the first Tamil novelist during the 19th century. He wrote his first novel titled as Piratapa Mudaliar Carittiram in the year 1876.
Ande Shri
Ande Sri is a famous poet hailing from Telangana. His contribution in Tollywood is highly recommendable.
Pancharatra Samhitas
Pancharatra Samhitas are the sacred books of the Vaishnavas. They form a part of Tantra literature.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Indian Literature
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Early Indian English Poetry, English Literature in India - Informative & researched article on Early Indian English Poetry, English Literature in India
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.