White Babul is an Indian medicinal plant and it is native to South and Southeast Asia from Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka eastwards to Indochina, Malaysia and Indonesia. This is found in savannah or scrub vegetation and dry deciduous forests on well-drained soils at low elevations from Punjab to Bihar southwards to Tamil Nadu; particularly common on black cotton soils in central India.
White babul is also known as sated babul in Bengali
, rambavala in Gujarati, safed babul in Hindi, goira in Oriya
and shvetabarbura in Sanskrit. The botanical name of the plant is Acacia leucophloea. This plant is small to medium-sized, deciduous tree. The leaves are bipinnate, and the flowers are yellow in colour, borne in globose heads are arranged in terminal panicles. Fruits are flat, slightly curved, clothed with pale brown tomentum, containing 10-20 seeds. In central India flowering occurs mainly between August and October and fruiting from December to April; trees remain leafless between March-April and May-June.
White babul is used for medicinal purposes and almost each and every part of this plant is used for medicinal usage. In Ayurveda
the stem bark is considered acrid, cooling, alexiteric, anthelmintic, astringent and antipyretic; it is used to treat inflammation, bronchitis, biliousness and leprosy. It is reportedly used externally as an abortifacient among the Kathodias of Rajasthan
. The powdered stem bark is used as a tooth powder to relieve severe toothache among the tribal inhabitants of southern Andhra Pradesh
. The gum exuded from the cut bark is demulcent and used as an emulsifying agent. The young pods and seeds are edible.
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