(Last Updated on : 04/08/2011)
Types of religion in India originated in Indian sub- continent. India is the land of spirituality and philosophy and is considered to be the birthplace of many religions. Indian religion is varied in approach and different in meaning. Most of the types of religion in India are called Dharmic religions. In the Indian subcontinent Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism form a subgroup of the larger class of "Eastern religions". Religion adds meaning and purpose to the lives of the people. It is actually a practice that enhances direct communication with God. A religion is a belief concerning one or more deities and incorporating rituals, ceremonies, ethical guidelines, and life philosophies. Thus, religion has diversified and grown to include major monotheistic religions in the country. A wide assortment of religions exists in the country today.
Hinduism in India
is the ancient among all other types of religion in India. Hinduism is more of a philosophy which is a way of living according to the understanding of the principles of Vedas
. Hinduism originated with Brahman
as the central Lord. Around 80 percent of the population of India follows Hinduism. Hinduism is a major Indian religion that is divided into various schools according to different faiths and principles.
Jainism in India
is a self-help religion that relies on the self instead of gods. This religion is all about promoting equality between humans, animals, and plants those have souls. Jainism chronologically preceded the religion of Buddhism. It is considered as one of the oldest religions of India. Jainism starts with two principles, the living (jiva) and the non-living (ajiva).
Buddhism in India
Lord Buddha was the one who was responsible for propagating the doctrines of Buddhism. Buddhism
leads the human mind to the process of attaining enlightenment through kindness, love and wisdom. Buddhism is a philosophy and a religion that encompasses a wide variety of beliefs, practices and traditions that are chiefly based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha.
Sikhism in India
was established in the 15th century in India. This religion was introduced by Guru Nanak
. It stresses on the devotion of God. Service to mankind, hard work and dedication towards family life are also important principles of the religion.
Christianity and Islam in India
visited the country with the invaders, traders and the missionaries. Many, essentially Hindus, got converted and baptised into Christianity or Islam. Among the different types of Religion in India, Christianity came to India with the coming of Portuguese. Christianity is an Abrahamic religion which is cantered on God, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit. Islam is a religion which originated in the country with various invasions. The Muslims are spread about 12 percent of India`s population. The first preachers of Islam in India were individuals who propagated Islam as a holy precept.
Other Religions in India
Judaism is considered a faith of action and is based on the covenant relationship between God and the chosen Jewish people. Bahai religion grew out of Islam and is one of the youngest religions in the world. Zoroastrianism
is the smallest religions existing in the World as well as in the country today; Zoroastrianism regards humans as the helpers of God. All the different types of religion in India make the country a secular place.
All religions in the country dictate peace and good will. Moreover, the different religious belief plays an imperative role in the history of the world.