(Last Updated on : 03/08/2017)
Indian Tribal Dances are performed firmly by indigenous populations in the country. These people, sometimes denominated as adivasi, possess a culture
, distinct from the pan Indian population, the cosmopolitan urban populace. It may be noted here that Indian tribal dances are vastly dissimilar from Indian folk dances
; there is no thread that binds the two.
A common example of a tribal dance is the Santhali Dance
, indigenous from West Bengal
. Other tribal dances of India include the Dhimsa dance
by Oriya tribes of Andhra Pradesh
, the Nagaland
tribal dances and others. Each of these aboriginal tribes
possesses their own distinguishable dance
traditions and invariably all of them are interwoven with the life of the people who perform the same.
Different types of Indian Tribal Dances
Some Indian tribes pen down their songs to accompany their dances
. Either the dancers sing themselves or the viewers sing and participate. Special musical instruments
for Indian tribal dances are also utilised at times, but the drum
is almost a requisite feature. Following are some of the popular Indian Tribal Dances:
: Bagurumba is a tribal dance of native Bodo tribe
and Northeast India. It is a conventional dance which is traditionally inbuilt from one generation to other generations. The Bodo women
carry out the Bagurumba dance with their colourful dokhna, jwmgra and aronai. The Bagurumba dance is believed as the major traditional dance of Bodo tribe.
: Raut Nacha is a traditional tribal dance generally done by Yadava community
as a representation of worship to Krishna
. The dance is closely similar to Krishna's Raas leela
: Dumhal dance is a dance performed by the people of Wattal tribe of Kashmir
on precise events. The performers dress in long colourful robes and tall pointed caps are studded with beads and shells
. The dancers move in a parade carrying a banner in a very traditional fashion
. It is dug into the ground and the men begin to dance, forming a circle.
: Tertali dance is performed by the Kamar tribe. The head is covered with a mask
and at times, a little sword is clasped between the teeth and an ornamental pot balanced on the head.
: Tarpha Nach is recognized because Kokna
tribal dance is the addition of the tarpha or pavri, a wind tool made of dried gourd.
Chang Lo Dance
: The Chang Lo which is also known as Sua Lua is a dance of the Chang tribe of Nagaland
. It was presented to celebrate the triumph over enemies in the earlier times. Currently, it forms a part of all the community
celebrations, such as Poanglem, a three-day festival
proceeding the harvest season.
: Kalbelia is performed by the women's group of the Kalbelia community of Rajasthan
. Dancers attired in traditional black swirling skirts sway gracefully to the melancholic notes of the 'been', the wooden instrument of the snake
: During the Behdienkhlam festival in Meghalaya
, the Pnar Tribe takes part in laho dance with bright garments. Two men stand on both side of a woman and they connect each others arms to execute in particular steps.
: Garo tribe
is one of the few remaining matrilineal societies in the world. The Garo tribal dancers perform during the hornbill festival of Nagaland
: Khiamniungan dance is a tribal dance of Nagaland. It is vibrant and colourful.
: The Santhali dance is measured to be one of the greatest tribal dances of India, which proffers huge enthusiasm and cheerfulness. This dance is supposed to be a reproduction of the folk dance of Madhya Pradesh
. Santhali dance is usually performed by both the men and women of the Santhali tribe.
Each state and union territories in India
has their unique tribal dance forms. The remarkable Indian tribal dance Brato of Bengal is essentially an in-vocational dance, preferred by barren women, worshipping their presiding deity after entreaties for progeny is answered. The Bhavada dance utilises masks and colourful costumes in the Dadra and Nagar Haveli
region. The state of Tripura
, with its large tribal population of Riang
, who venerate both tribal and Hindu Gods
, survives on agriculture
. To certify a good harvest, they mollify Goddess Lakshmi
by a dance of young maidens named the Hawaii.
and Kolattam are the two most famous folk dances performed by the tribal women of Tamil Nadu. In Kummi, claps maintain the beat, while in Kollattam beat is sustained by striking two sticks. In this form of Indian tribal dance, each dancer possesses two sticks often painted in dazzling colours. In Pinnal Kolattam, some divisions of the group systematically work up a visual pattern, lacing coloured ropes together, hung from a peg in the ceiling, synchronous with the music
. In course of the dance, the Pinnal or the plate is also slowly disentangled to synchronise with the music and the ropes are back to their single-strand shape, precisely when the dance and the music stops. The Muslim community
of Tamil Nadu possess a monopoly over the dance called Pulli Atam, where the men folk dress ornately like a stripped carnivore, with tail, claws, whiskers and dance in the streets. Karagam
is another Indian tribal dance form of Tamil Nadu
dedicated to Goddess Mariamma
, the Goddess of health and rain. Men and women balance pots of uncooked rice
on their heads to the accompaniment of pipes and drums.
is a generic term, emblematic of a ritualistic dance in Karnataka
. In the punja Kunitha, a wooden structure is balanced on the head with a deity within it. The Dollu Kunitha is a much-admired drum dance of Karnataka. The men play on large drums decorated with coloured cloth, slung around their necks, beating on it as they dance. Indian tribal dances are truly varied and umpteen, much like the country's other aspects, united with diversity.