(Last Updated on : 12/09/2016)
Tribes of Rajasthan
constitute 12 percent of the total population. The main tribal communities of Rajasthan are Bhil tribe
and Meena tribe
. The major concentration of these tribes of Rajasthan is found mainly in the foothill of Vindhya
, Aravalli mountain ranges
. In order to maintain their livelihood, these tribes of Rajasthan carry on cultivation, while there are quite a number of tribes of Rajasthan state who have developed acumen for business and commercial activities.
Origin of Tribes of Rajasthan
In Hindu mythology well known Bhil figure is Shabari who offered Lord Rama
half eaten berries. In Mahabharata
there is also the existence of Bhils. The name of the Meenas derived from the Sanskrit
word meen meaning fish. Meenas are considered to be the descents of Lord Vishnu
s Matsya Avatar.
The early history of the tribes of Rajasthan depicts that during the invasions by Hunas
; the tribal communities survived the attacks and maintained their cultural and traditional heritage.
Several Tribes of Rajasthan
Among the scheduled tribes
of Rajasthan, Bhil tribe occupies the major position. Another scheduled tribe of this state which has got importance is Gadia Lohar Tribe
. At the core of the state of Rajasthan, the Garasia tribe
s live with its treasure of cultural tradition as depicted in its superb language, food habits and gorgeous clothes. Some other tribal communities or Adivasis that are found in different parts of Rajasthan are Bishnoi Tribe
, Meena tribes, Meghval
and Rabari Tribe
The various tribes in Rajasthan are as follows:
Bhil Tribes of Rajasthan
: Bhils are the bow men of Rajasthan. The Bhils form an important group in the southern part of the state around Dungapur, Udaipur
Meena Tribes of Rajasthan
: Meenas are the militant defenders of Rajasthan. They are Rajasthans largest and most widely spread tribal group.
Sahariya Tribes of Rajasthan
: The Sahariyas are jungle dwellers of Rajasthan. The Sahariyas are regarded as the most backward tribe in Rajasthan and serve their living as shifting cultivators and by hunting
Garasia Tribes of Rajasthan
: Garasias are the fallen Rajputs
of Rajasthan. These tribals have an interesting custom of marriage through elopement, which usually takes place at the annual Gaur fair held during the full moon of March.
Lohar Tribes of Rajasthan
: Lohars are the nomadic blacksmiths of Rajasthan. These nomadic blacksmiths are said to have wandered from their homeland of Mewar
because of a pledge made to their acknowledged lord, Maharana Pratap
Bishnoi Tribes of Rajasthan
: The Bishnoi community of Rajasthan has been identified as conservators. The Bishnois can be mostly seen in the western Rajasthan, especially in the Jodhpur
Indian Tribal People
North Indian Tribes