(Last Updated on : 19/08/2016)
Tribes of Himachal Pradesh are scattered in different parts of this state and have occupied a considerable percentage of India. The tribal communities residing in different parts of Himachal Pradesh
are sociable and by their own culture and tradition, they have marked their position in the Indian subcontinent. Dancing, musical melodies, festivals, fairs etc. bore evidence to it. They are by nature nomadic people and their customs and social structure make them identifiable from each other.
As far as the occupations are concerned, these tribes of Himachal Pradesh have taken up the occupations including rearing of cattle and also raising of wool. Dresses that these tribes of Himachal Pradesh wear also are quite exquisite to look at.
The tribes of Himachal Pradesh belong to the famous Indo-Aryan
family group. The major tribes of this region include Kinnaura Tribe
, Lahaule Tribe
, Gaddi Tribe
and Gujjar Tribe
Gaddi Tribes of Himachal Pradesh:
They dwell in numerous districts like Chamba
etc. The people of this tribal group are not nomadic in nature and they have their own villages
where they reside in a cluster. The notable thing about the Gaddi tribe is their costumes. Most of the people of this community are shepherds but some are engaged in other occupations too.
Gujjar Tribes of Himachal Pradesh:
Gujjar tribal community has developed the practice of carrying on conversation in numerous languages namely, Urdu
. They have also adapted religion like Islam
. As per the study conducted by numerous anthropologists, the Gujjar tribes arrived in India most probably in 6th century.
Kinnaura Tribes of Himachal Pradesh:
Another tribal group, Kinnaura tribal community, is one of the Scheduled tribes
of Himachal Pradesh state where most of the people talks in wonderful dialect called Kinnori. It has been assumed that the Kinnaura people belong to the Kinner group who got mentioning in Mahabharata
. They reside in the border district of Kinnaur
Lahaule Tribes of Himachal Pradesh:
The people of the Lahaule tribal community of Himachal Pradesh converse in the beautiful language of Pattani. They are the inhabitants of Lahaul
and they are the amalgamation of Munda Tribe
and Tibetans. Their societal structure is divided into high and low castes. Basically this tribal group is followers of Buddhism
Indian Tribal People
North Indian Tribes
Indian Scheduled Tribes