Gola Gokarannath is located in Kheri district of the northern state of India, Uttar Pradesh. The place is also known as Chotti Kashi. It is bounded by Sundarpur and Haidarabad in the west, Bhader and Aliganj to the east and Sikandarbad in the south at a distance of 15 km. Lakhimpur is situated at a distance of 35 km. The nearest airport is the Pant Nagar Airport at a distance of 142 km. and the nearest railhead is the Gola Gokarannath Railway Station.
As of the 2001 India census report, Gola Gokarannath had a population of 53,832 inhabitants. Males constitute 53% of the population and females constitute 47% of the population. In Gola Gokarannath, 14% of the population is less than six years of age.
Gola Gokarannath has an average literacy rate of 68%. This is higher than the nationwide average literacy rate of 59.5%. The male literacy rate is 73% and the female literacy rate is 62%.
A popular landmark of the town is an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.