(Last Updated on : 01/10/2015)
Indian movies have been an inseparable part of the Indian society since ages. Entertainment and movies are synonymous with each other. India is a country that is highly diverse in nature as well as secular in its form. Portrayal of all different cultures and traditions which form an integral part of our country through Indian movies again explains as to why the Indian movie industry is such an enormous one. Movies were introduced to India on July 7, 1896. It began with the Lumiere Brothers' Cinematography, unveiling six silent short films at the Watson Hotel in Bombay
, namely 'Entry of Cinematographe'.
Indian movies are gaining popularity like never before. These are screened not only in Asia, but also in East Africa, Mauritius, the Caribbean, the Middle East, Britain, Canada, Australia, the United States and the countries associated with the former Soviet Union. The world of Indian movies is a very fascinating one that has mesmerized every person, on a global platform. Though a large industry, a very few people actually know its intricacies and its main elements that actually go in to make it a great form of entertainment for the global masses. Indian movies, like many of the other cinema industries in the world, reflect and are reflected through the country's political, economic, social and cultural aspects.
History of Indian Movies
All around the world people have heard or seen the eccentricity of Indian cinema
or have at least been exposed to the elaborate song and dance routines, indicative of Indian cinema through modern films. But very few people are actually aware of the progression of the Indian cinema, the largest film industry in the world, which produces about 900 films annually. By the 1930s, Bollywood
was producing about 200 films annually. Hindi
music became an essential component to Bollywood films in the 1930s. By the late 1960s, a new Indian cinema, unlike the commercial cinema
, emerged and again by the 1990s, this new wave cinema died down. In the 2000s most Bollywood started featuring regular song and dance routines and straying from realistic portraits of daily life. Thus, whether one enjoys these films or not it is very important to recognize the substantial presence of Bollywood in the modern film industry.
Stages in Filmmaking
Films are produced by recording actual people and objects with cameras
, or by creating them using animation techniques and/or special effects. An entire production cycle typically has three parts. The first part consists of development
. The second part comprises preproduction
and production. The third part consists of post-production
Genres of Indian Movies
There are a number of genres and styles of Indian movies that a viewer encounters, such as, romantic
, horror films
, melodramas, musicals and historical films. While some of these genres are present in Indian cinema, often as a consequence of the impact of the western films, the Indian filmmakers have also created some styles of their own, that are acknowledged as their own. This is clearly discernible in the popular tradition of filmmaking in India.
Indian movies have presented a detailed version of India from its different historical movies to its present scenario movies. The distinct genres of films depicted by the different filmmakers have helped in the study of India from a different and distinct angle of vision. Thus, one cannot help but realize the fact that indeed it has been the old traditions and the cultures that have actually framed the Indian movies, which have been an encouragement to uplift India and make it one of the renowned countries in the world. By seeing the cultures and traditions of the distinct societies, people can examine their own country's culture with fresh eyes and with a special vision and approach.
Indian Regional Films
Film making in regional languages began sometime later than Hindi cinema
. India is unique in its kaleidoscope of diverse languages
and cultures. There are at least 15 languages and over 2000 dialects and films are produced in most of the official languages
. Thus, the regional cinema industry encompasses Assamese Films
, Marathi Films
, Telugu Films
, Tamil Films
, Gujarati Films
, Punjabi Films
, Bengali Films
, Malayalam Films
, Kannada Films
and Oriya Films
Influences on Indian Movies
The connection of art and culture might sound way too different, but the same is omnipresent; especially in India. Since, its inception, Indian movies have concentrated on various subjects that have been the important aspects of the films. Such subjects have highlighted the problems, complexities and the various aspects of the Indian society in general. Such subjects have indeed created ripples in the past and hence have acknowledged as notable Indian films and filmmakers throughout the world. Thus, came into being, the concept of Indian art cinema
. One can see, as early as the 1930's, just two decades after the first Indian film was made, caste became a central issue of cinematic exploration in films like "Achut Kanya", (The Untouchable Girl). A more sophisticated approach to caste
can be seen in Sujata
, produced in 1959.
Similarly, deeper insights into the complex processes of modernization, colonialism, nationalism and freedom for women can be acquired through the Indian art cinema. On considering Indian films, it can be seen how the filmmakers have promoted westernization, the emancipation of women, caste related problems, the rights of the minorities and most importantly the relationships between Hindus and Muslims. Even aspects like fashion and lifestyle have played a central role in Indian society which generated awareness and have influenced public opinions on issues like drugs, violence and sex.
Contribution of Bollywood Pioneers
Bollywood takes the viewer into a surreal world of illusion, an exhilarating experience of drama
, emotions, passion and hope. Hindi cinema in more ways than one has mirrored the rapid changes in the social fabric of India. One genre of filmmaker takes a realistic look at art while the other presents an escapist view. However all of this could not have been possible without the contributions made by the pioneers of the Indian film industry. Many Indian film directors
, right from the pioneers
such as Dadasaheb Phalke
to the modern ones like Yash Chopra
and Anurag Kashyap, have deployed their creativity along with traditional forms of dance & mime, folk and classical music to enhance the communicated experience. Commercial Cinema
has evolved into a distinctively Indian mode of entertainment by imaginatively amalgamating music
and the works of veteran directors like V. Shantaram
. Guru Dutt and Raj Kapoor
bear a testimony to this fact. So, through Indian cinema one can also enter the larger world of Indian aesthetics.
Luminaries of the Indian Film Industry
The luminaries of the Indian film industry, apart from being the actors
also involve the other film personalities that are considered as the actual reigning stars of Bollywood and are equally involved in providing the celebrities the share of their own glory. The luminaries involve the famous Bollywood Writers
, Film Directors
, Music Directors, Indian Singers, Actors
Indian Film Awards
Indian film fraternity is awarded by various production and television channels
in appreciation of their laborious efforts. There is no dearth of film awards in India
. In fact first there was only the Filmfare Awards
, which were considered to be the highest level of film awards. Other awards later emerged including National Film Awards
, Star Screen Awards
and many more. This surely shows the level of appreciation received by the film industry by the population.
Film Boards & Associations
Indian Hindi film industry is a very renowned industry all around the world and hence this industry has formed various boards and associations for the smooth working of the Hindi film fraternity all around the world. By setting up such organisations
, they have actively supported for the cause of this industry, along with providing various benefits to the active people of this industry.