Geography of Assam
The significant aspect of Assam’s geography is that it consists of three of the six physiographic divisions of India viz. The Northern Plains, The Northern Himalayas and Deccan Plateau. Due to the Brahmaputra flows, the climate of Assam is mostly cold and there is rainfall during most of the months. The Brahmaputra River is the life line of Assam. It has steep gorges and enters Assam through Arunachal Pradesh to become a braided river along with tributaries.
Flora and Fauna of Assam
The state of Assam is known for its elite biodiversity zones. It consists of rainforests, deciduous forests, bamboo, riverine grasslands and several other wetlands. Many of those are protected as national parks and forests at present. The Kaziranga National Park is a wildlife sanctuary that is named as a UNESCO world heritage site. It is a refugee for one-horned and fast disappearing rhinoceros. The state is also a refugee for several other endangered species like Bengal florican, greater adjutant, Asian elephant, wild water buffalo and so on.
The fauna of Assam is remarkable for its rich species of Orchids. The Foxtail Orchid is the state flower of Assam. More than 500 of estimated 1312 species of orchids are said to be found in Kaziranga National Park.
Population of Assam
The population of Assam is 28.67 million as per the statistics of 2006. Later to that, it increased to 31,169,272 in 2011 as per another survey in 2011. Out of the 33 districts in Assam, only 8 districts have registered to a rise in decadal population rate. The religious nominated districts such as Goalpara, Dhurbi, Barpeta, Nagaon, Hailakandi and Morigaon has recorded growth rates ranging from 20 per cent to 24 per cent in the last decade.
Employment in Villages of Assam
One of the major problems of Assam economy is unemployment. This has a relation with overpopulation and faulty system of education. Every year, students obtain higher academic degree in large numbers but due to non-availability of adequate vacancies, most of them remain unemployed. Major number of employers hires the efficient or over qualified employees. The problem has its root in the growing number of technical institutes in the state that increase the unemployed community of Assam. Most of the job seekers are eligible for Oil India and railways but do not get hired because of the appointment of candidates from outside the state.
Agriculture in Villages of Assam
Among all the other sectors of economy, agriculture makes the highest contribution in the economy of Assam especially in the domestic sectors. The biggest contribution is the cultivation of Assam Tea. Other than that, it produces rice, mustard seed, rapseed, jute, sweet potato, potato, papaya, turmeric etc.
However, the agriculture of Assam is yet to experience modernization in its true sense. The implication of security for food per capita food grain production has been declined in the past five decades. The productivity has marginally increased but still low in comparison to the highly productive areas.
Festivals of Assam
Assam is known for its diversified traditional festivals. The most important and common celebration is Bihu, celebrated all over Assam. It is assamese new year celebrated in the month of April as er the Gregoian calendar. Apart from that, Christmas is also celebrated with great merriment by Christians from various denominations. The durga puja is another festival that was introduced by the Bengalis. It is widely celebrated all across the state. The Muslims celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-al-adha with eagerness all over the state.
Villages of Assam
Assam consists of several villages out of which few names are mentioned below:
(Last Updated on : 24-07-2020)
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