The Randia Dumetorum is a small thorny tree common in waste places. The fruit when ripe, looks like a small apple, and has a peculiar sweetish, sickly smell. It is described by Sanskrit writers, as the best or safest of emetics. In fact the ancient Hindus depended chiefly upon this drug for causing emesis.
Dose of Madana in Medicine
One ripe fruit is generally administered for this purpose. It is also used in combination with other medicines, as for example in the following prescription.
Pancha Kashaya: Take Justicia Adhatoda (Vasaka), Acorus Calamus (Vacha), neem bark, leaves of Trichosanthes Dioica (Paola) and bark of Aglaia Roxburghiana (Priyangu) in equal parts, half a seer in all and water 8 seers; boil them together till reduced to one fourth. This decoction is given with the addition of the pulp of Randia Dumetorum for causing emesis.
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Elements of Ayurveda
Concepts of Ayurveda
Ancient Literature of Ayurveda