Landour is for the most part (unlike largely deforested Mussoorie) carpeted by old-growth forests of Deodar Cedar, Himalayan Oak, Chir Pine, Blue Pine , West Himalayan Fir, Himalayan Maple, Rhododendron, Himalayan Manna Ash and other tree species.
The north facing slopes of Landour have more deodar and fir than other species; the south-facing slopes have more oak than other species. The pines are at lower elevations than Deodar and Fir, true to form.
Among introduced species, the adaptable Platycladus does well, and Oriental Plane too is seen. A logging ban has long been in place in the reserved forests around Landour, and the ban is reasonably well enforced.
The eco tourism in Landour offers the striking views of the Garhwal Himalaya Mountain Range, with a wide vista of up to 200 km visibility on a clear day. The visible massifs and peaks include (West to East) Swargarohini, Bandarpunch, Yamnotri, Jaonli, Gangotri, Srikanta, Kedarnath, Satopanth, Chaukhamba (Badrinath) and even Nanda Devi. At its closest point, Tibet is about 70 miles (110 km) away as the crow flies; it is through Landour that Heinrich Harrer escaped to Tibet during World War II after breaking out of a British internment camp in Dehradun.
The birdlife of Landour is outstanding in its breadth of species. Over 350 species has been seen at various elevations over the course of the year, including both endemic species and migratory species from Tibet, Central Asia and Siberia. Quite a few endemic species of pheasants and raptors are among the more charismatic species that can be easily seen. As for wild mammals, leopards transit the area from time to time; their preys are mainly dogs, including strays from Landour-Mussoorie and the neighbouring villages. Also present are some Jackals, barking deer (muntjac), goral (goat-antelope) and the secretive Sloth Bear. Among smaller mammals, are the Yellow-throated Martens, Civets, Jungle Cats, Himalayan Weasels are seen, and the occasional Flying Squirrel. Pesky rhesus macaques and Hanuman langurs are as present in Landour anywhere.
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