Location of Chharabra
Chharabra is situated approximately 8250 feet above sea level, 13 km from Shimla, on National Highway 22 (Hindustan-Tibet Road). It has summer retreat of President of India, summer residence of Governor of Punjab, a five star luxury hotel, a boarding school, and a helipad even though the population would be less than 500 people (including students of boarding school, staff of the President's Retreat and Governor's house and the hotel). The village is surrounded by evergreen pine forests, and has magnificent views of the Himalayas.
Geography of Chharabra
Chharabra is located on top of mountains which are a chief watershed. One side of Chharabra is part of the catchment area for the Yamuna river while the other side is part of the catchments area for the Satluj river. The entire area around Chharabra is densely forested and is part of Shimla Reserve Forest Sanctuary and catchment Area. Chharabra is part of Shimla Reserve Forest sanctuary and catchment area. The natural vegetation comprises pine, oak, cedar or Himalayan deodar, and rhododendron, as well as maple and horse chestnut. The wildlife consists of jackals, kakkar (barking deer), and the occasional leopard, as well as numerous bird species such as the Himalayan eagle, pheasants, chikor and partridges. During monsoons, many wild flower species, wild strawberries and other berries can be found in forest.
Climate of Chharabra
The monthly maximum and minimum temperatures range from 8.6 degree Celsius in January to 24.1 degree Celsius in July and from 1.9 degree Celsius to 15.7 degree Celsius respectively. The mean annual rainfall is 1600 mm. The annual precipitation is in excess of 1500 mm, over half of which falls during the summer monsoon. Chharabra has fine climate for apple farming and there are few apple orchards here. The Cobra Plant is found in plentiful during monsoons. The Britons introduced several trees and flowering plants notably Weeping Willows, Silver Oak, Chest Nut, etc. from other parts of the world that can be seen at Chharabra. The Retreat, Hem Kunj, Dukani, Kalyani House and Wild Flower Hall had weeping willows on their grounds.
Shimla Reserve Forest Sanctuary in Chharabra
Shimla Reserve Forest Sanctuary and Catchment Area is situated adjacent to National Highway 22. It starts right after Dhalli and extends beyond Kufri. The area under this sanctuary is 951ha. The altitude ranges from 1,900 m to 2,620 m. The sanctuary is connected by a forest corridor to Chail Sanctuary in the south. This catchment is the main water supply for Shimla. Nine perennial streams flow from this area, the main ones being Churat Nala and God Ki Nala. The sanctuary is closed to visitors. There is one rest house inside, and three outside the sanctuary.