Kailash Satyarthi was born on 11th January in the year 1954. He founded the "Bachpan Bachao Andolan" in the year 1980 and has acted to protect the rights of more than 83,000 children from 144 countries. It is largely because of Kailash Satyarthi's work and activism that the International Labour Organization adopted Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour, which is now a principal guideline for governments around the world.
The contribution of Kailash Satyarthi is recognized through various national and international honours and awards including the Nobel Peace Prize of 2014, which he shared with Malala Yousafzai. Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize recipient.
Kailash Satyarthi is hailing from Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh. He was originally named Kailash Sharma; he later took the name Kailash Satyarthi.
Early Life of Kailash Satyarthi
Kailash Satyarthi attended Government Boys Higher Secondary School and completed his degree in electrical engineering at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha. He has a post-graduate degree in high-voltage engineering. He then joined a college in Bhopal as a lecturer for a few years. In 1980, Kailash Satyarthi gave up his career as a teacher and became Secretary General for the Bonded Labour Liberation Front. He also founded the "Bachpan Bachao Andolan" that year. Kailash Satyarthi has also been involved with the Global March against Child Labour and its international advocacy body, the International Centre on Child Labour and Education. Kailash Satyarthi has also served as the President of the Global Campaign for Education
Contribution of Kailash Satyarthi
Kailash Satyarthi established "Rugmark" (now known as Goodweave) as the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child-labour in South Asia. "Rugmark" operated a campaign in Europe and the United States of America in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the intent of raising consumer awareness of the issues relating to the accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism and trade. Kailash Satyarthi has highlighted child labour as a human rights issue as well as a welfare matter and charitable cause. He has argued that it perpetuates poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, population growth, and other social problems. He also had a role in linking the movement against child labour with efforts for achieving "Education for All". Kailash Satyarthi also served as the member of a UNESCO body established to examine this and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative.
Kailash Satyarthi serves on the board and committee of several international organisations including the Centre for Victims of Torture (United States of America), the International Labour Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation. Kailash Satyarthi is now working on bringing the child labour and slavery into the post-2015 development agenda for the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals.
Personal Life of Kailash Satyarthi
Kailash Satyarthi lives in New Delhi with his family, which includes his wife, a son, daughter-in-law and a daughter.
Awards Received by Kailash Satyarthi
In the year 1993, Kailash Satyarthi was elected as the Ashoka Fellow (United States of America). In the consecutive years he won Aachener International Peace Award, The Trumpeter Award, Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award, and Golden Flag Award from 1995 to 1998. In the year 1999, he was awarded Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Award from Germany. In the year 2002, he won Wallenberg Medal, awarded by the University of Michigan. In the year 2006, he was awarded Freedom Award from United States of America. In the year 2007, he was awarded Gold medal of the Italian Senate. Later in the year 2008 he was awarded Alfonso Comin International Award from Spain. And in 2009, he was awarded Defenders of Democracy Award from United States of America.