During ancient period, the people fashioned tools and weapons by chipping hard stones of convenient size and shape. This feature is testified by the findings of unifacial Paleolithic implements of the Sloan type at Yellowhammer. The traces of Neolithic culture were found at Chota Yelupu, where chuck stones and other objects of interest were unearthed.
Ancient History of Nalgonda
History of Nalgonda commences with the rise of Maurya Empire. Mauryas, during the reign of Ashoka the Great held their sway over this region. Later, the region came under the lordship of the Satavahana Dynasty who ruled between 230 BC - 218 BC. It was during this period the region established trade contacts with the Roman Empire. The Ikshvakus Dynasty attained control over the region of Nalgonda and ruled with their capital Vijayapuri. During this period, the Sakas reigns this region. Buddhism flourished during this period. After the Ikshvaku Dynasty, Pallava Dynasty and Yadava Dynasty fought for supremacy over the region. A major portion of Nalagonda appears to have passed from the Chalukyas of Badami to the Rashtrakuta Dynasty. Rashtrakutas fell in 973 and gave room to the Chalukyas of Kalyani. The sway of the Chalukyas continued until the end of the 12th century.
Medieval History of Nalgonda
Nalgonda came under the control of the Kakatiyas from the western Chalukyas in the early phase of middle ages. During Prataparudra's time the kingdom was annexed to the Tughluq Empire in 1323. During Muhammad bin Tughluq's period, Musunuri chief Kapayanayaka ceded a part of Nalgonda to Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah. During Ahmad Shah I's period the region was annexed to Bahmani kingdom. Jalal Khan in 1455 declared himself king at Nalgonda, but it was a short-lived affair. The region was brought back to the Bahmani kingdom. During the time of the Bahmani Sultan Shihabud-din Mahmun Sultan Quli was appointed as tarafdar of Telangana region of present-day Telangana . From him the region was taken by his son Jamshid.
Modern History of Nalgonda
Nizam-ul-Mulk defeated Mubasiz Khan at Shaker Khere in Berar (now Berar District) and ruled the Deccan in an autonomous capacity. This district, like the other districts of Telangana, passed under the Asaf Jahis and remained under them for a period of nearly two hundred and twenty five years. After the Asaf Jhah Dynasty rule, British gained autonomous power and Nizams became their feudal members.