(Last Updated on : 20/04/2009)
Shronj is about 120 kms North of Bhopal
, the Capital of Central Indian State of Madhya Pradesh
. Although it lies in the Vidisha district
Historically, Shronj was a part of Malwa region on the fringes of Bundelkhand
and has been a Jain pilgrimage. As a part of the kingdom of Nawabs of Tonk, it bordered the empire of Scindhias of Gwalior. At the time of independence of India, Sironj was a part of Tonk state of Rajasthan. Thus, it became a land locked district of Rajasthan surrounded from all four sides by Madhya Pradesh. Under the state reorganization act in 1956, Sironj was made a part of Madhya Pradesh. However, it lost its status of a district and became a block (sub-district) under the Vidisha district of MP.
Shronj is located at 24.1° N 77.7° E. It has an average elevation of 464 meters.
Most of the inhabitants of Sironj are traders, surrounded by the agriculturist community of about 300 villages that surround it.
Main crops of Sironj area are Wheat, maize and gram in winters and Soyabean and lentils in rains. The wheat from Sironj and other parts of Vidisha are famous throughout India and are sold at premium prices in the markets of Delhi. The Soyabean from this area forms the backbone of the Soya-oil industry based at Indore.
- The nearest railway station is Ganj Basoda, 45 kilometers east of Sironj, which lies on the main Mumbai-Delhi railway route.
- Bus roots are well connected with all the neibhour cities of Sironj.
As of 2001 India census Sironj had a population of 42,100. Males constitute 53% and females 47% of the population. 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Sironj has an average literacy rate of 55%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 62%, and female literacy is 47%.
Sironj has a mixed population of Hindus, Muslims and Jains. While the villages are dominated mostly by Hindus, in the town, the Hindus and Muslims are almost in equal numbers. There is a considerable Jain population in Sironj.