(Last Updated on : 07/08/2013)
Embroidery in Southern India is the manifestations of excellent craftsmanship. Embroidery is an age old tradition which has originated in India since time immemorial. A variety of embroideries have developed in this region over time which has become the unique features of their cultural heritage. Embroidery of southern region is characterized by the intricate patterns made by threads of vibrant hues. Often other elements like metals, beads, precious stones are also used to embellish the fabrics.
Embroidery in Andhra Pradesh
Embroidery in Andhra Pradesh
exhibits a unique style. Vibrant and innovative creations are the most prominent identification of the embroidery of this state. Beaded embroidery
is practiced on fabrics to decorate clothes and garments with beads of different colours. It renders a fancy look to the fabric. It is an ancient form of art which was also practiced with precious stones to ornament the royal attires. Varied motifs are made with this embroidery including geometric and floral patterns. Banjara
embroidery is another form of embroidery which utilizes shells, glass beads, mirrors and coins. Appliqu‚
work is also a famous embroidery of Andhra Pradesh. The patterns used in the embroidery of this region is known for their quality raw materials and unique patterns created by the local artisans.
Embroidery in Karnataka
Karnataka also houses a rich tradition of embroidery. Kasuti embroidery
is the most renowned embroidery work of the state having its origin rooted in Chalukya period
in 6th to 10th century. Geometric patterns and temple motifs are the identifying characteristics of this embroidery. Apart from this, other motifs include emblems of bells, animals, birds, chariots
etc. Threads of vibrant colours are used and common stitches of this art are cross stitch, running stitch, Murgi and Gavanthi stitches. The patterns in this form of embroidery are made in such a way that both the sides of the fabric exhibit similar appearance. This art is mostly mastered by the women folk of Karnataka and the main centres where the artefacts adorned with this embroidery are made include Bijapur
Embroidery in Tamil Nadu
Embroidery of Tamil Nadu
is mainly centred in the Sri Perumbpadur region. Beautiful handkerchiefs and saris embellished with different types of embroideries are made in this region. Needle, multicoloured threads and beads form intricate and exquisite patterns on fabrics. 'Pugur' style of embroidery is practiced by Todu community of Nilgiri hills
to make exclusive shawls. 'Jaali' or net embroidery is also a famous art of this state that represents floral or geometrical patterns with the aid of buttonhole stitches. A variety of artefacts are prepared using the charming embroideries of the state by the local artisans.
Most of the embroidery work employs a set of common stitches providing them variations in terms of patterns and colours. Embroidery work has always been in demand in the country and a numerous craft industries have also flourished. Several skilled artisans have developed this art even more by incorporating new ideas and patterns. Embroidery in Southern India is one of the most cherished arts of India.