Features of Islamic Art in India
Islamic art not only hovers around Muslim faith but also represent the magnificent specimens of art and architecture of the historical times when Muslim patron ruled the country. Islamic art exhibits unique culture and traditions, a concept far greater than only religion. The earliest examples of Islamic art comprised of ancient techniques which was a blend of classical and Iranian styles and can be seen in various monuments built in medieval period. Various dynasties that ruled in India worked in the development of Islamic art. Islamic art spanned a long history and had spread throughout the country. Influences of this art can be witnessed in the regional and national arts of India too. Islamic art, however, has always retained its uniqueness and originality. Typical characteristics of this art can be well identified and surface decorations furnished by it are very admirable. Other prominent features of Islamic art are vegetal patterns, calligraphy, figural representation and geometric patterns.
Islamic Art in India during Mamluk Dynasty
Islamic art greatly flourished during Mamluk dynasty. Artistic activity in this era continued despite of the internal struggle and new concepts and styles were developed. Influences of different regions can be seen in the artwork of this period. The art of this period includes wood art, enamelled and gilded glass and inlaid metalwork. Islamic art during this period inspired the subsequent dynasties greatly.
Islamic Art in India during Timurid Period
A brilliant era of Islamic art initiated during Timurid period where adept craftsmen from different regions were brought to create beautiful manifestation of Islamic art. Timurid rulers were very passionate about art and were also the patrons of many books on art. Their libraries nest several manuscripts and books pertaining to Islamic art.
Islamic Art in India during Mughal Period
During Mughal reign, Emperor Akbar is considered as the first patron of Islamic Art. Various buildings and monuments were built during his rule which has magnificent specimens of Islamic art. Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra is adorned with beautiful artistry. Islamic art during his reign also had influences of Persian, European as well as Indian arts. The artisans, in fact, belonged to different cultural communities. In seventeenth century, painting evolved to a more exquisite form under the rule of Mughal Emperors Jahangir and Shah Jahan.
Islamic Art during Medieval Period had provided some of the most admirable arts of India. The influence of this art can be seen in different forms of crafts as well as on other forms of arts too. Be it paintings, wood carvings, stone works or architectural patterns, Islamic art had conferred immense beauty and uniqueness to them. This art even amalgamated with other art forms to create new styles and concepts during medieval age.
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