(Last Updated on : 27/10/2015)
Paitkar paintings of Jharkhand
comprise one of the most popular paintings in the state. The Paitkar paintings at Jharkhand are one of the most ancient schools of painting in India. This mode of painting is a creative expression of the folk art of Jharkhand and the adjacent states.
Paitkar Paintings had no demand in the Indian market and international market in the later half of 19th Century. But in recent days, the Paitkar painting gained importance in the national and international markets as there is an enhancement in their art form by the infrastructure given by the Government of Jharkhand. Now the tribal people of Jharkhand are extensively working on this form of art as it gained an exposure in both domestic and foreign market.
The historical lineage of the Paitkar paintings of Jharkhand can be traced to the ethnicity and custom associated with West Bengal
. West Bengal is an adjacent state of Jharkhand. The cultural heritage of this old form of painting has associations with one of the popular Hindu Goddesses in the Bengali household called Goddess Mansa
. Manasa is the Goddess of Serpents.
The Paitkar paintings of Jharkhand have links with the socio-religious custom of holding yajnas and giving alms to the different Hindu gods and goddess and even the tribal gods of Jharkhand. The Paitkar paintings are also popularly known as the scroll paintings of Jharkhand. This painting is popular in West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and other adjacent states of India. The form of painting has got its name from its character. The paintings that belong to this school have a common subject of what happens to human life after death. While on the contrary, this scroll painting also mirrors the Bengali and Jharkhandi daily life.
The tribal people of Jharkhand have not been able to spread the name of their creations far and wide. Particularly, the Paitkar paintings of Jharkhand might suffer a massive setback and in near future, it might transform into a form of painting that once existed. But the local government is now stressing on this art form to develop the commercial basis of the tribal people of Jharkhand.