(Last Updated on : 06/10/2012)
is a post-Buddhist Upanishad
that repudiates the theory of naturalism, which makes svabhava the cause of the universe. It is associated with the Krishna Yajur Veda
. Svetasvatara Upanishad is familiar with the technical terms of the Samkhya and the Yoga
philosophies. The Sixth Chapter of Svetasvatara Upanishad has been divided into 23 verses.
1st - 5th Verse
According to the verses some sages and learned men speak of inherent nature of things while others speak of time as the cause of the universe. However, the truth is that it is the glory of God by which the wheel of Brahman
revolves. The whole universe is constantly pervaded is the Knower and the Lord of time. He possesses all qualities and is Omniscient. He looks after the creation, which is the earth, water, fire, air and ether. Having created the world he causes principle i.e. the soul to be joined with the principle of nature, viz. with one, or two, or three, or eight principles and also with time and with all other subtle qualities of intellect which is the Atma
. A person who has performed actions like giving offerings to the Lord attains purity at heart. He, thus, merges prakriti
and all its effects in Brahman. He becomes aware of the true Self. In the absence of maya, all his past actions are destroyed that helps him attain final liberation. The Brahman is the commencement of all, the origin of the cause. It is through him that the body is united with the soul. He is above the three kinds of time. Whosoever worships in his mind the adorable God becomes pure at heart.
6th - 10th Verse
A person who is aware of the real Self or the Brahman who is greater than the world and of time, who is the establisher of virtue, and the destroyer of sin, the lord of all glory who abides in one's self, becomes immortal. He is known as the supreme great Ruler of all rulers, the supreme deity of all deities, the lord of all lords and greater than what is greatest. There is no effect for him, or a cause; there is none like him or superior to him. There is no lord of him, or a ruler, or any cause. He is the cause, the sovereign of the sovereign of cause; for him there is no producer, no sovereign.
11th - 15th Verse
The God remains concealed in all beings and pervade all. He is the inner soul of all beings, the ruler of all actions, who dwells in all beings. He is the only self-dependent among the many souls which cannot be regarded as active. A person who is aware of him obtains eternal bliss. He is the eternal one among those that are eternal, the conscious one among those that are conscious. Whoever knows this is liberated from all bonds. When he manifests by himself, all gets manifest after him. By his manifestation this whole world becomes manifest. He is the only Hansa in the midst of this world; he is even fire, entered into water. Knowing him, one overcomes death.
16th - 23rd Verse
The God is the creator of the universe and knows the universe. He is the soul and origin of all, the sovereign of time that is endowed with all qualities of perfection; he is omniscient lord of the first cause and of the conscious embodied being. He is Immortal, rules eternally this world. One who, thus, wishes to gain liberation must meditate on this God. He is the one who is without parts and is tranquil, blameless, without spot and the last bridge to immortality. Unless man is able to compress the ether like leather, there will be no end of misery. The knowledge of God alone can help him get rid of all miseries of the world. The sage Swetaswatara, by the power of his austerity and the grace of God, has stated about the supreme holy Brahman, who is adored as in all, by all the Rishis.