In Natyashastra, there are various codes and mudras that have been consolidated and codified by different tradition in drama, dance and mime. The philosophy of Natyashastra describes ten classification of drama ranging from one act to ten acts. Over the years, various regional theatres in India have helped in taking the theatre culture of India forward. In order to support and promote theatre in the country various festivals related to theatre are organized around the country! Each state, in their own way, organizes theatre festivals in order to promote new and raw talent among the people. There are various theatre festivals that can be found:
The first Prithvi Festival in 1983 was held to celebrate 5 years of successful growth in theatre groups, as well as the development of an audience. Since then the Prithvi Festivals have been conducted annually and it includes theatre groups; featuring local groups from Mumbai, or national or international in scope, with various themes. They have attempted to encourage quality and originality in local various groups in Mumbai and also to bring some of the best and most interesting of Indian and world theatre to Mumbai in the interests of exposure. The Prithvi Theatre Festival has reached out to audiences beyond Mumbai also, touring its 1995 and 1997 Festivals to New Delhi and its 2000 festival to Pune.
Nandikar's National Theatre Festival
Nandikar's National Theatre Festival was started in 1984. It is arranged annually in Kolkata, India, between 16 and 25 December. Initiated and organized, as the name suggest, by the theatre group Nandikar. The festival is held at the Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata.
The stated twin objective for the festival is to facilitate cultural integration in India and providing a forum for exchange of notes among theatre workers from different parts of the country. However, the festival was initially a part of Nandikar's silver jubilee, but due to the good reception the group decided to turn it into an annual event.
The festival display productions by leading and avant-garde theatre troupes from all over India and occasionally from countries like USA, Sweden, Switzerland, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Exhibitions and workshops are also arranged in connection with the festival.
International Theatre Festival of Kerala
International Theatre Festival of Kerala (ITFoK) is an international theatre festival held every year in December in Thrissur city of Kerala. The festival is organised by Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Akademi and Cultural Department of Kerala Government. The festival was started in 2008.
Various other theatre festivals in India are as follows:
* Kalidas Samaroh, Ujjain
* Bharat Rang Mahotsav, National School of Drama, New Delhi
* Prithvi Theatre Festival, Mumbai
* National Centre for Performing Arts, Mumbai
* Bharath Bhavan, Bhopal
* Nandikar Festival, Kolkata
* AKKA Festival, Mysore
* NINASAM Cultural Festival, Heggodu
* SOORYA Festival, Thiruvananthapuram
* Bhasamahotsavam, Thiruvananthapuram
* Nehru Centre's National Theatre Festival, Mumbai
* Sundari Festival, Mumbai
* Velvi National Theatre Festival, Madurai
* Nataka Bharathi, Kasargode
* Alliance Franchise, Thiruvananthapuram
* International Seminar on the Mahabharatha, New Delhi
* The East-West Theatre encounter, Mumbai
* Adishakti Ramayana Festival, Podicherry