(Last Updated on : 08/10/2009)
Virar is a city and a municipal council in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the last station of the western suburb local root. Virar is named after an Indian philosopher Jeevan Virar. An outpost of Mumbai, in the year1925 Virar is connected with mainland with electric train. The other name of Virar is Vasai.
The history of Vasai comes from ancient ages. One version of the origin of the name derived from Sanskrit word, which means "Waas" or Residence.
The Portuguese influence is specially noticeable in Vasai/Virar. When Marathas invaded and colonized the region, they named it as Bajipura or Bajipur. But it did not stick; when England conquered the region from Marathas in the year 1774, they named it as Bassein region, which is now called Vasai.
Bassien was an important trading center of that time. From 15th Century it was ruled by Portuguese, followed by Diu and British.
Vasai is located at 19.35° N to 72.8° E. it is an average elevation of four kilometer. The climate of the city is tropical. During summer Virar city's humidity level was very high and during winter the season is almost dry . Monsoon rains lashes the city from June to September.
For several centuries people of Virar depend upon agriculture. Since 1980 people 's land in areas like Virar, Nala Sopara were either taken forcibly or forced to sell at very cheap price by gangsters. As a result people are gradually moving from agriculture to other means for livelihood. The prime harvested corps are Rice, Banana, Coconut, Vegetables, and Flowers.
Virar is well connected with Mumbai city. Mumbai's western line railway connection is link with this city.
Modern Vasai is divided in to two parts as east and West. Vasai East is generally called as the part of eastern side of Western Railway Track line. It is known for its blooming industries and Vasai west stretches from the railway tracks to the western coast. Now the main center lies in the westren side.
As per 2001 Census, vasai had a population of 49,346. Male constitute51% and female 49% of the total population. Vasai has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 81% and female literacy is 73%. In Vasai, 11% of the population is under six year of age.
Vasai mainly consists of four major communities. 1. Kupari 2. Christi vadvals, 3. Vadvals, 4. Samvedic Brahmins Kupari.
Kuparis are mostly from northern Vasai. The population is about 40,000 to 45,000. The language spoken by Kupari community is called Kadodi or Samvedic, which is mix dialectic of Marathi, Marwari and Konkni with very few words derived from Portuguese. Samvedic Brahmins are also uses this language.
Now 60% of the population in Virar belongs to Christian Community. Followed by 39% Hindus.
Most of the Christian populations are Roman Catholic and the remaining minority is a mixed population of various Christian Protestant sects. The Christian community came into existence during the period of Portuguese in 15th century. At that time most of the Samvedic Brahmins converted into Christian.
The several churches, temples of Hindu and Jain of Virar are included as major visiting places.
The famous churches are
Holy Cross Church
St. Thomas Church
Our Lady Of Grace Cathedral.
Our Lady Of Remedies
St. Paul Church
The famous Temples are
Sri Dattatreya Temple
The other picnic spots for beach outgoings areSuruchi bag, Arnala,Kalamb, RanGaon and Kelve Mahim.
Historical places of Virar
- This fort was initially built by Bahadurshah of Gujrat and further developed by Portuguese.
- In the year 1516, a local chieftain in Gujrat, Sultan Mohamad Begda has originally constructed the fort on the island, strategically located at the mouth of Vaitarana river.
- Some 2500 years back, the modern day region of Nalasopara was known as 'Suparak'. It was then the capital of 'Sonaparant' and it was thriving commercial port town. Trade roots to countries like China, Ceylon and Japan were well established from Suparak.
Phadke wada, Jawahar Palace, Asherigad, Gambhirgad are few other attractive places in Virar.
Educational Institute of Virar
John XXIII HighSchool
Shastri Vidyalaya HighSchool
Utkarsha Vidyalaya, Virar.
Viva College of Arts,Science and Commerce.
National English highSchool
M.G.M Academy HighSchool
Little Fairy Montesery, Virar