Barua Sagar is a city as well as a municipal board situated in the Jhansi district in the state of Uttar Pradesh in the northern part of India. The town of Jhansi is the district headquarters of the Jhansi district. The Jhansi district is surrounded by the Jalaun District on the north, by the Hamirpur and the Mahoba districts on the east, by the Tikamgarh District of Madhya Pradesh state on the south and by the Lalitpur District on the southwest. The Datia and Bhind districts of Madhya Pradesh lie towards the east of this district. The total population of the district is 1,746,715 (according to the 2001 census). Several railway lines run across the district. To the south of the Jhansi District is the hill country of Bundelkhand, which slants down from the Vindhya Range. The district comprises the level plain of Bundelkhand, famous for its deep black soil, known as mar, which is apt for the cultivation of cotton. Three main rivers run through the district. These are the Pahuj, the Betwa and the Dhasan. Major towns of the district are Jhansi, Mauranipur, Garautha, Moth, Babina, Chirgaon and Samthar.
As per the 2001 India census, the city of Barua Sagar has a population of 22,075. Males make up 53% of the population and females comprise 47%. Barua Sagar has an average literacy rate of 54%, lower than the national average of 59.5%. 63% of the males and 37% of the females are literate. 16% of the population constitutes children less than the age of 6 years.