(Last Updated on : 11-02-2013)
T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar or T. V. Kalyanasundarar was an established author, journalist and scholar from Tamil Nadu
. He was also a teacher, political and labour leader and also guided new and talented writers. His literary contributions have helped in the development of modern era in Tamil literature
. The Tamil author was born in the year 1883 and died in 1953. During his earlier days, Kaliyanacuntarar followed the Tamil literary conventions completely. It is evident in the commentary which he composed on the Periya Puranam
. Later, due to various experiences in his life, the author and scholar modified his composition and prose style. Apart from writing, T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar had gained various experiences in his life from different fields. He was the editor of Tecabaktan, a Tamil daily, and Navacakti, a weekly magazine. He was also the speaker and chairman of various social, religious and political meetings and conferences. Due to these experiences and his association with other scholars, the authored matured as a writer and his work contained more refinement and clarity.
His evolved style of writing can be seen in the essential prose work Manita Valkkaiyum Kantiyatikalum, which he wrote in the year 1917. Murukan Allatu Alaku, which is another important work in prose, reveals his knowledge about the ancient classics of Tamil literature. The literary work of Pennin Perumai was constructed to develop the status and prestige of women in the society. The style of writing the prose in these works is magnificent and smooth. Besides the appeal of the mellifluous style, the readers can notice the elaboration of noble ideas in his creations. Some of the prose works written by T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar like Tamil Tenral were only a compilation of speeches that he delivered on several occasions and on various subjects. These works are considered as oratorical Tamil literature. His various editorials to newspaper and weekly magazines were complied and published in the form of books, such as Tamilic Colai. These works are regarded as literature due to their diction, style and thought content. As Kaliyanacuntaranar was the earliest Tamil author to publish his speeches and editorials in the form of published books, these works are regarded as a novelty in Tamil.
The much respected Tamil author ands scholar wrote detailed prefaces for a number of Tamil works. While writing the preface of the book titled Metait Tamil (Oratorical Tamil), T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar introduced a new method in composing the preface to the book. This was aimed at educating readers about oratory and rhetoric composition. The preface started as if Kaliyanacuntaranar was giving an oration himself. Although Kaliyanacuntaranar followed the tradition established by earlier Tamil literary works, he introduced several innovations and new techniques in the art of writing Tamil language
and Tamil literature
From the year 1942, T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar wrote numerous Tamil poems and some of these verses were composed with the title Arul Vettal, meaning "looking for the grace of God". Some his popular poetical works that falls under this category are Kiristu Arul Vettal, Murukan Arul Vettal and Tirumal Aral Vettal. Other famous Tamil works such as Potumai Vettal and Putumai Vettal, depict the author's vision of a democratic state and a society which is not bound by issues of caste and other inequalities. Although his works welcome fresh and new principles and ideas, the Tamil author also respects and appreciates to the fine things in the earlier social arrangement. His literary works in Tamil language also reveal his repulsion and revolt against the pace of development of technology and his love of the tranquillity in nature. T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar composed a total of 15 poetical works in traditional metres.
T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar lived a rather simple, untainted and an ideal life and this was well reflected through his work, more through his poetry than in prose. But not all his verses comprised of poetic qualities; some of the verses contain poetic attributes such as human emotions and imagination. Most of the poetic compositions of the renowned Tamil author, poet and scholar T. V. Kaliyanacuntarar signify the epitome of culture.