The poems of Kainnilai and Innilai are prescribed as texts for several institutes and schools as well, in the state of Tamil Nadu. The poems in both the works are outstanding in the application of similes that assist to edify the moral codes with the use of simple instances from every day life.
Composition of Kainnilai and Innilai
Kainnilai and Innilai are a compliation series of ethical Tamil poems that were composed by the revered Tamil poets Pullang Kaathanaar and Poigayaar respectively. These post Sangam works are among the 18 minor literary works in Tamil which are comprised in the Patinenkilkkanakku collection. The numerous verses in Kainnilai are composed on the Agam or Akam tradition of Tamil literature of Sangam age which refers to the internal or subjective themes and concepts. The Akam tradition utilised in the Sangam literature relates to the different subject matters which are related with the intangible concepts of life such as love, human emotions and feelings, disagreement between lovers, separation, desire to meet lover etc.
The work of Kainnilai is available in a damaged state at present and most of its poems have been recovered partially. The poems in the collection describe five different Tamil landscape found in poetic works of Sangam literature, known as Thinai in Tamil that depict the general idea of the literary work. The poems of Kainnilai are categorised into twelve verses for each of the five Thinais. These elaborately narrate the situations, circumstances and emotions particular to each of the landscape. The five Thinais or landscapes found in poems of Sangam literature are Kurinji (mountains), Mullai (forest), Marutham (farmland), Neithal (seashore) and Paalai (parched land).
Where as the poems of the literary work of Innilai narrates the various ethical concepts like Aram, meaning propriety; Porul, meaning wealth; Inpam meaning love; and Veedu meaning salvation. The poetic work of Innilai, written by Poigayaar, resembles the composition of Tirukkural, which also deals with similar concepts.
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